{[ promptMessage ]}

Bookmark it

{[ promptMessage ]}

child1_ch11_10.30_outline

child1_ch11_10.30_outline - Slide 1 Infant and Child...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–12. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Slide 1 Infant and Child Development Chapter 11-12 Tuesday October 30, 2007
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Slide 2 Announcements Exam 2 next week Covers ch 7-13, Tomatoes and Self articles 73 questions (multiple choice and T/F) Review sheet posted today Ch 12, Identity will not be covered (focused on adolescence)
Background image of page 2
Slide 3 11—Emotional Development Exploring Emotion Development of Emotion Temperament Attachment
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Slide 4 Attachment What Is Attachment ? A close emotional bond between two people. Most prominent in infants from 6-18 months of age Measured by evaluating infant separation anxiety and exploration, as well as caregiver sensitivity and responsiveness (i.e. Strange Situation and Q-sort methods)
Background image of page 4
Slide 5 How does attachment form? Theoretical explanations Freud (psychoanalytic) : “I love you because you feed me.” Caused by reduction of hunger drive through oral satisfaction (Feeding). Erikson (neo-analytic) : I trust you therefore I love you. Trust vs. Mistrust (Erikson’s first stage) Become attached to people who reliably attend to an infant’s needs and who otherwise foster a sense of trust through sensitivity. Harlow (behaviorist): “I love you for the comfort you provide” Contact comfort in times of stress, not nourishment
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Slide 6 How does attachment form? Theoretical explanations Bowlby (ethological) : “Perhaps I was born to love.” Biological explanation providing a balance between an infant’s need for safety and varied learning experiences Secure base Proximity seeking Internal working models (IWMs) Let’s evaluate the research….
Background image of page 6
Slide 7 Harlow’s contact comfort The cloth mother, which does not provide nourishment, acts as a secure base , whereas the wire mother, which does provide nourishment, does not This contradicts drive- reduction theories of attachment (Freud) Harlow, 1959
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Slide 8 Although soothing tactile sensations provide a baby with a sense of security that is more important to the formation of attachment than food, it is not sufficient Social interaction seems to be necessary for healthy emotional development Harlow’s contact comfort
Background image of page 8
Slide 9 Ethological Approach: Human Research Mary Ainsworth and the “strange situation”
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Slide 10 Attachment Individual Differences in Attachment Modern approach to attachment Ainsworth: Some babies have a more positive attachment experience than others. But why? Strange situation : An observational measure of infant attachment that requires the infant to move through a series of introductions, separations, and reunions with the caregiver and an adult stranger in a prescribed order.
Background image of page 10
Slide 11 Episode Stressor 1. M + B + Obs Exploration/ stranger anxiety 2. M + B Exploration 3. M + B + S Stranger anxiety 4. B + S Separation anxiety 5. M + B
Background image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Image of page 12
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}