child1_ch2_9.11_outline

child1_ch2_9.11_outline - Slide 1 Infant and Child...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–13. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Slide 1 Infant and Child Development Chapter 2 Tuesday September 11th, 2007
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Slide 2 Review What do Psychoanalytic theorists support in terms of… Nature or nurture? Continuity or discontinuity? Early or later experience as more important? Who are the 2 major theorists associated with this theory? What does each focus on?
Background image of page 2
Slide 3 2—The Science of Child Development Science and the Study of Child Development (last Friday) Theories of Development (continued) Research in Child Development
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Slide 4 Theories of Development Behavioral and Social Cognitive Theories Pavlov’s and Watson’s Classical Conditioning : Learn through association Skinner’s Operant Conditioning : Learn through consequences of behavior Social Cognitive Theory : Behavior , environment, and person/cognition are key factors in development. Bandura and Mischel: People cognitively represent the behavior of others, then sometimes adopt this behavior themselves.
Background image of page 4
Slide 5 Behaviorism: Classical Conditioning John Watson: Conditioning of Fear Orphan boy ‘Little Albert’ 3. Albert cried because of noise 4. Eventually, sight of rat made Albert ___ 1. Albert liked the furry rat 2. Rat presented with loud CRASH!
Background image of page 5

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Slide 6 Behaviorism: Operant Conditioning We respond based on whether the situation is: Painful or Threatening Pleasurable
Background image of page 6
Slide 7 Operant Conditioning: Reinforcement Increases likelihood of behavior reoccurring Positive : Giving a reward Candy for finishing a task Negative : Removing something aversive No chores for getting an A+ on homework
Background image of page 7

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Slide 8 Operant Conditioning: Punishment Decreases likelihood of behavior reoccurring Positive : Adding something aversive Getting scolded Negative : removing something pleasant Taking away car keys Getting a ‘Time Out’
Background image of page 8
Slide 9 Bandura: Social Cognitive (Learning) Theory Observational Learning or Modeling Children choose models to imitate Mentors, coaches, and heroes
Background image of page 9

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Slide 10 Bandura: Social Cognitive Theory Aggression
Background image of page 10
Slide 11 Theories of Development Contributions of the behavioral and social cognitive theories: Emphasize the importance of scientific research. Focus on environmental determinants of behavior. Explain observational learning (Bandura). Emphasize person/cognitive factors (social cognitive theory).
Background image of page 11

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Slide 12 Theories of Development Criticisms of the behavioral and social cognitive theories: Too little emphasis on cognition (Pavlov, Skinner). Too much emphasis on environmental determinants.
Background image of page 12
Image of page 13
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 41

child1_ch2_9.11_outline - Slide 1 Infant and Child...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 13. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online