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child1_ch11_10.26_outline

child1_ch11_10.26_outline - Slide 1 Infant and Child...

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Slide 1 Infant and Child Development Chapter 10 Friday October 26th, 2007
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Slide 2 Announcements For Tuesday: Discussion of exam 2 Review sheet posted early next week
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Slide 3 Biological and Environmental Influences Environmental Influences (continued) Evidence: Interaction with people: The support and involvement of caregivers and teachers facilitate a child’s language learning (i.e. fast mapping) The quantity and complexity of parent’s verbalization is linked with the child’s vocabulary growth. The quantity of talk is linked to the family’s socioeconomic status.
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Slide 4 Role of the Environment Fast Mapping Children hear an unfamiliar word in a familiar, structured, and meaningful social interaction (e.g., taking a bath routine) Whole-object principle : Assume word (“cup”) applies to whole object Categorizing principle : Assume that object labels (“dog”) extend to classes of similar objects Mutual-exclusivity principle : Assume that an object can have only one name (“zebra” refers to the animal that’s different in a group of cows – “cow” already known) Here is one way in which infants and young children use the social context to map novel words onto novel objects…
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Slide 5 Biological and Environmental Influences Amount of Maternal Speech and Infant Vocabulary
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Slide 6 Biological and Environmental Influences Language Input in Professional and Welfare Families and Young Children’s Vocabulary Development
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Slide 7 Biological and Environmental Influences An Interactionist View of Language Cognitive hypothesis (derived from Piaget’s constructivism): Interaction of social and biological factors Cultural-context approach (Bruner’s (1983, 1996) formats – Cultural mediation of social-biological interaction Although few aids are necessary for learning language, caregivers greatly facilitate a child’s language learning. peek-a-boo & routines Bruner stresses the role of parents and teachers in constructing a language acquisition support system (LASS) . Major phenomenon explained: Language-thought relationships
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Slide 8 Review and Reflect: Discuss the biological and environmental contributions to language. Review What are the biological foundations of language? What are the behavioral and environmental aspects of language? How does an interactionist describe language?
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Slide 9 Language and Cognition Williams Syndrome Deaf Children Bilingualism Bilingualism, the ability to speak two languages, has a positive effect on children's cognitive development. Bilingual children perform better than their single-language peers on tests of control of attention, concept formation, analytical reasoning, cognitive flexibility, and cognitive complexity (Bialystok, 1999, 2001).
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