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Unformatted text preview: For 5 points extra credit on your final exam, you must turn in answers to all of the questions below, no later than Monday, November 30, 2009. When can a premise he assumed as true? What is an uncontroversial empirical statement? What is an uncontroversial definition? When can we accept statements by experts as premises? Be able to identify all types of compound statements (provide an example of each) Negations Disjunctions (Inclusive and Exclusive) Conjunctions Conditionals Be able to calculate the following descriptive statistics How do you calculate a Mean, Truncated mean, median, mode? How do you Identify an outlier? Statistical Arguments What type ot'argument is it (deductive or inductive)? identify sampling techniques (list the types and their definitions) what is the standard form of“ a statistical argument? identify the sample, the target, the relevant property and the N (Define each) what two criteria give a statistical argument good form? Moral Arguments Two Types of Deontoiogical arguments : Universalist, cooperative Two Types o‘l’Consequentialist arguments : Maximizing and non—maximizing Aretaic arguments: About person instead of act Be abie to identify and evaluate the form of‘all ofthe Deductive Syllogisms, (Please list the proper form for each type‘ and if it passes or fails the good form test. If it had all true premises would the argument be sound or unsound?) Affirm i ng the consequent A‘l‘l‘i rm in g the antecedent: Denying the antecedent Denying the consequent Denying the Disjunctive Affirming an Exclusive Disjunction Affirming an Inclusive Disjunction Tri-Conditional Causal Arguments Why is correlation alone not sufficient to prove causation? Define each, and provide an example) of necessary cause, sufficient cause. necessary and sufficient cause, or contributory cause. what gives a causal argument good form? What are some common causal Fallacies? Analogical Arguments what is the standard form of an analogical argument? define primary subject, analogue, similarities, and conclusory feature What gives an analogical argument good form? How do we evaluate premises in an analogical argument with nonempirical premises? P P ANOTHER HINT: Turn in a typed draft of your second essay to your instructor by Halloween. 4 4 nduetive Analogieol Statistical (Ch 3‘) ((3119) Causal liorm‘. i-‘orni: (Cit l0) Pint -X | 8 have that ~N% of Form (short): l'etttures I-‘l. [52. an observed l’r.l — El is til... lit in sulinet ottlie eotrelttteti l’r.2~X254 huve entities in (.i with [-52 I’r.2—l:2 it: not the Gl-llll-iL‘ of ill i’r-J-i'l'here is no l-E‘J that is the cause ol' tell and IQ Praia lil & l€i2 are not coineidentnll y correlated (Fifi is £1 cause of HE have t-' (T—N% ol‘ till the entities in (ii have i--‘ lenlures lil. l-‘2. iii. .. (‘-X2$ prohahlv have litt ft general kittds‘ 'l'emponii linvir'onlnentnl | 3 3 ti 5 St l‘iuatiou ti liqual ‘l‘reittirient _ l i-ivnluating (Zlests) Remember when evaluating inductive arguments. there EITC tlit'let'ettt criteria For Each type of argument listed nhove. l. ("ii-"I“ (by degrees) Wonk (Bad Form) Strong (tiood l‘rirni) Not Cogent (At least 1 False Prs) i/ilglllllfllllb i'llU tlllUilllllb ll! UUllVlllkilfi tilt)“ '(UC UUlIllJlJM‘JU Ul hl‘rll.t$|llulllh ||.llL'llll$L'tt or, LiUIIUILibtUlihf. Al‘altilllulllb are true or titlse. but not both. They eatinot be true in one situation or in one person‘s opinion or culture and False in anotl‘ier tritnntion or in another person‘s opinion or culture. Note: there are philcuiophiettl tirgutrtents against this view. but since this is on intrtuluetorv class we will assume this is the ease. Itihis interests you take an upper level philoso ii 2 'l'ypes Moral (Ch. ll} 2 general Forms: 1. (Action) I’t'. l~l’l '5 doing Al hos: l'enturi: ii Pal-Its inrnnlly timid/bud to (lo actions that have l'lt'atui't: i? (\l’l ouglttfottulti not to do Al 2. (Person) Frail-Pl has I'ontui‘e l: Pin—It: morally good/lino int 2] person to have l’eatttre |'-' C—l’l is a ectotli‘itnd person .3 theories. I. Consequentialist General Form: l’r.l« Pl 5‘. doing. Al will produce Cl P122» its inorl‘tlly good! had to produce C3] (.1 Pl ought! ought not to do At .9 different mmrrqttein"r'.t' i. What type ot‘Consequences? (Answer: Intrinstie Consequences) Prai- ills doing AI will prorlttec ltnpoinesfi (Le. tiny important intrinsie feature. such its pleasure. desire stitittl'aetiop. and! or talent development) Pr}: its rnorrill): good to produce iti.lt)[3iiiCS‘l (i . tiny important intrinsic l'entttre such as pleasure. desire satisfaction. mull or talent development) (J.- l-‘i ought to do Al N, Who is inorttlly inu-iortttnt'? lJniversnlists: l‘r. ik l’ls doing AI will produce happiness i‘or everyone in the world l‘rJ‘x ilt: morally good to produce happiness For everyone in the world ‘5.) Pl taught l0 (l0 Al ill. C eet amount ol‘eousequenetm? lVlP‘tXll'l‘llZlilg Consequentnli. '- I’t' l- l‘l :: doing; Al will mnxnnixe hapi‘iint-tst: for everyone in the world Pr. 2- its: morally good to maximize happiness for everyone in the \Vt]l'lt.l (5- Pi ought to do At 2. Dettutoloeiettl General Form: Pr.|~ l’ls tlointt Al has intrinsic l'eiiturr: iii Pr. 2- its morally poor” had to do nations with intrinsic: Feature Fl C—li’l ought.t ought not to rlo A! What sorts ol‘intrinsie ibtttureu? i llttiversrtbility (Kant'r Categorieal linperutivel i’t. i- tI'J Pl ‘3 doing Al is not universalizetlilc. Pr. 2- It ist morally hurl to do notions that are not universalimhle. (f- PI ought not do Al ti. Cooperation Pr. l - Pia doing Al is uncooperative E"r.2- its mot—till): had to do actions that are not eoeperutive' L"— Pl ought not to (lo AI 3. Arctic i. ‘1'rncittionnl I'ernt l’rl— l’l docs itoorl actions, Pr. 2— Pl has motives ilittt. lend to good notions. ”ll. [’13- Pl has; good motives: Pi is it good person ft. Virtue Ethicu I-iornt l’r. i- W ‘.-: doing Al is no notion [lint would he done by :1 portion with virtue V i-‘r 27 It is morallyI good to do notions that would lit: iioiie lay it permn Willi virtue. V. C- l’l ought to do At S..‘ltlul1£t§t Phil. 2(lliJ) Seductive :— Evaluating {Zionist invalid (Bad form) F5 'l'ypes l. Aiil'irniinintt tin lixelusivt.) Disjunet l’r.ln Si or HZ Kc Not Both l’t'i -Si PI‘Q-Sl C-Not 32 OR l'ir l-Sl or 33. Fri-32 C‘Not Si C-Not 82 OR PrlrSl or 52 :52 Not Both Plait-52 C-Not Sl 2. Denying the Aitleeedtfinl i"r.l-il‘Sl. titan SI! Pal-Vol Si C‘vi‘lEJE 52 2. Denying it Disjnttet Fri-Si or $2 Fri—Not St C-SE OR i-‘rluSl or $2 I’I'Q-Not 3?. U St 3. Ai'iii1tttttttllie Connetptenl l’r.i—|l'.‘-§i. [lien 32 3. Denying the Consequenl (Modes 'l'ollensl Pr. | —lt’ 81. their 32 Thai—Not 52 Cul‘lot SI dl. Affirming the Antccctient [Moons Potions) Pixl-ll‘SL then S2 Eli ‘l :‘t. "Fri-Cont“!ionztl (l-lvpntltetietil Syllogisin) Pr. l-ll'Si. then 52 '52. then 533 Unsouncl (At least 1 False Prs) ...
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