child1_ch4_9.18_outline

child1_ch4_9.18_outline - Slide 1 Infant and Child...

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Slide 1 Infant and Child Development Chapter 4 Tuesday September 18th, 2007
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Slide 2 Announcements: Worksheet due TODAY before class I will post a worksheet on the Fetal Development reading on Sakai Response Paper #1 is due next Tuesday by noon Read about Response Papers in the Syllabus, pgs 2-3 Think about the debates and big questions in the study of child development discussed in lecture and reading Did something you read grab your interest? Mozart effect, fetal programming, fetal memory/intelligence, why we tell mothers not to consume any alcohol… Use Turnitin.com- instructions found in Sakai ‘Resources’ Ch 5 for Friday- The organized newborn
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Slide 3 Notes on our previous discussion One answer to why a mother’s health and age is more critical than a father’s in the prevention of genetic abnormalities…
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Slide 4 Family and Adoption Results for Extroversion Type of Relative Correlation % Shared Genes MZ twins raised together .51 100% MZ twins raised apart .38 100% DZ twins raised together .18 50% DZ twins raised apart .05 50 % Loehlin, 1992 What does the difference among the correlations mean? What can we conclude about Extroversion as a trait? Is it highly heritable? MZ= monozygotic; DZ= Dizygotic
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Slide 5 Heredity-Environment Interaction Heredity-Environment Correlations Individuals’ genes influence the types of environments to which they are exposed. PASSIVE genotype-environment correlations Correlations that occur because biological parents provide an environment that matches their own genetic tendencies, and their children inherit genetic tendencies from their parents.
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Slide 6 Heredity-Environment Interaction Hereditary-Environment Correlations (continued) EVOCATIVE genotype-environment correlations Correlations that exist when the child’s genotype elicits certain types of physical and social environments. ACTIVE (niche-picking) genotype-environment correlations Correlations that exist when children seek out environments they find compatible and stimulating.
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Slide 7 Heredity-Environment Interaction Conclusions About Heredity-Environment Interaction Heredity and environment operate (cooperate) together . The relative contributions of heredity and environment are not additive . Emerging view: Many complex behaviors likely have some genetic loading that gives people a propensity for a particular developmental trajectory, but actual development also requires an environment .
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Slide 8 Review and Reflect: Review What is behavior genetics? What are three types of heredity-environment correlations and what is an example of each? What conclusions can be reached about heredity- environment interaction?
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Slide 9 4—Prenatal Development and Birth Prenatal Development Birth The Postpartum Period
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Slide 10 The Study of Prenatal Development A model for the development of all subsequent periods Understand how the developing organism can be affected by a mother’s health , habits, and lifestyle
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Slide 11 Prenatal Development:  From Conception to the Days Before Birth
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child1_ch4_9.18_outline - Slide 1 Infant and Child...

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