1010 Practice final Sum08

1010 Practice final Sum08 - Phil 1010 Practice Final Exam...

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Phil 1010 Practice Final Exam Summer 2008 I. Identifying Statement Types : for each of the following statements, identify its type. If a statement contains two or more types, choose the type best represented by the main connector. Choose from the options given below. A. Simple Statement B. Negation C. Conjunction D. Disjunction E. Conditional 1. Bert and Ernie are characters on a popular children's television show. 2. Bert and Ernie live together. 3. If you don't eat your meat, you can't have any pudding! 4. Every time you cheat on a test, God kills a kitten. 5. There are no unicorns, unless you count the ones in my back garden. II. Identifying Deductive Syllogisms: identify the forms of the following arguments. 6. If there is no God, then everything is permissible. But not everything is permissible, so there is a God. A. Affirming the Antecedent (also called Modus Ponens) B. Disjunctive Syllogism C. Denying the Consequent (also called Modus Tollens) D. Tri-Conditional 7. Capitalist economies will fall to the communist revolution unless the accumulation of capital is perpetually outstripped by wage increases. However, in capitalist economies this will not happen because wages will decrease as capital is accumulated. Hence, capitalism is doomed. A. Tri-Conditional B. Affirming the Consequent. C. Denying the Antecedent D. Disjunctive Syllogism 8. If Brenda Brucker is elected senator, Nazis will ride dinosaurs through the streets and rivers will run red with blood. Fortunately, she was not elected, and therefore we will not see either blood-tinged rivers or dinosaur-riding Nazis. A. Disjunctive Syllogism B. Denying the Antecedent C. Affirming the Antecedent (also called Modus Ponens) D. Denying the Consequent (also called Modus Tollens)
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9. Eating meat or other factory-farm food products is sufficient for contributing to the pain and suffering of millions of animals. Furthermore, if you contribute to that, you are behaving immorally. So if you eat meat or other factory-farm food products, you are behaving immorally. A. Tri-Conditional B. Disjunctive Syllogism C. Affirming the Antecedent (also called Modus Ponens) D. Affirming the Consequent 10. For the passage below, select the type of disjunction used. Assume the argument is valid. Hera will turn Callisto into a bear unless Zeus stops trying to sleep with her. Since Callisto was turned into a bear, Zeus must not have stopped. A. Inclusive B. Exclusive III. Analogical Arguments Consider the following passage: "The Homosexual Conduct Law interferes with more than specific sex acts - it strikes at gay relationships in a deeply harmful manner. For gay adults, as for heterosexual ones, sexual expression is integrally linked to forming and nurturing the close personal bonds that give humans the love, attachment, and intimacy they need to thrive"… [and hence the Homosexual Conduct Law should be overturned as it unjustifiably deprives gay persons of many opportunities to flourish as their heterosexual peers do]. [from
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1010 Practice final Sum08 - Phil 1010 Practice Final Exam...

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