1010%20CSKingTestimonyFullEmploymentAct1976excerpt - Phil...

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Phil 1010 Excerpt for Essay BACKGROUND : In 1976, Congress considered a Full Employment and Balanced Growth Act. The subcommittee on employment, poverty and migratory labor, of the committee on labor and public welfare met in order to investigate the possibility of establishing a national policy and procedure for a guarantee to all able adult Americans the availability of useful and rewarding employment. Many people testified before the committee when it met on May 14, 17, 18 and 19, 1976. One of those who testified was founder and co-chair of the Full Employment Action Council, Coretta Scott King, then widowed spouse of Martin Luther King, Jr. An excerpt of Mrs. King’s testimony is presented below. Statement of Coretta King, CoChairman [sic], Full Employment Action Council, Washington, DC Hearings Pagination 636 Mrs. King : “. . . I am certainly honored to have been invited to testify on behalf of the Full Employment and Balanced Growth Act of 1976. As co- chairman (sic) of the Full Employment Action Council, I am going to read my testimony, but I also have some recommendations to the bill as a supplement that I would like to also submit. Senator Williams : We will be pleased to incorporate that with your statement. It will be very helpful. Mrs. King : Thank you. It probably requires someone who is black to fully comprehend the helplessness, lonliness, and anxieties of the unemployed. It requires a black, because blacks are more than merely deprived. They are consciously and deliberately ignored as much as possible by the larger society. For so long, being black was to be invisible. With the same design great effort is made to hide the unemployed; to erase them from visibility and to blank out the constricted lives they live. The chilling resemblance of the dimly seen unemployed to the leper colonies of the Dark Ages is not too extreme an analogy. A very intense campaign has been underway to establish that no one really cares about unemployment. It is contended that only inflation engenders concern and fear. After all, it is said, 92.5 percent are employed and only 7.5 percent are unemployed. It does sound small when put in these bland, cold terms, and there are no cries of anguish to disturb the sleep of the vast majority. But now put it another way: 7, 003,000 people – mostly adults – are without jobs. True, they eat – but not too much; they have some sort of shelter; some even have health care. But many, including children, are in chronic ill health, or are ill nourished, and living a life of punishment and systematic abuse as if they had done some evil to this Nation. Psychologically, they are mauled even more terribly. Because they are what the English call “redundant,” they are struck with the sledgehammer of inferiority. To be deprived is bad, but to be deprived among the secure and privileged is far worse. At least 20 million Americans are afflicted with this tragic, crippling disease for which
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This note was uploaded on 12/02/2009 for the course PHIL 1010 taught by Professor Outlaw during the Spring '08 term at Georgia State.

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1010%20CSKingTestimonyFullEmploymentAct1976excerpt - Phil...

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