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chapter5lec2009 - Chapter 5 The Age of Jackson(1829-1837...

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Chapter 5: The Age of Jackson (1829-1837) Andrew Jackson Who is this guy? Lawyer in Nashville Called by a colleague “the most roaring rollicking game cocking horse racing card playing mischievous fellow that ever lived in Salisbury (NC) Rachel Donelson Robards Why this a big deal? Bigger than Life kinda Guy In early career, he was involved in many duels Fought Indians in Tennessee – Battles against Creeks brought him national
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attention Battle of New Orleans sealed his heroism – January 8, 1815 Soldiers called him Old Hickory for his strength and devotion to their well being 1817 Pres. Monroe ordered Jackson to Georgia to stop raids by Seminoles Jackson’s Election Education and Experience So popular among public, it is assumed he will run Election of 1824 (Adams wins this one) Election of 1828 (Jackson wins) Inauguration March 1829) – Goals: – Eliminate National Debt Achieves by 1835 and never repeated by another president – Make government accessible by all
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One man’s equality is another man’s spoils system Jackson’s “policy of rotation” What’s going on here Under our current civil service system, employees are supposed to be apolitical – Hatch Act (1939) – In Jackson’s day – Local party organizations controlled voters – Postal system major source of patronage First Major Actions in Office Indian Removal Act of 1830 Cherokees sued in Supreme Court Ultimately forced to move in Trail of Tears – Seminoles in Florida fought a second war Jackson’s position on this action
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South Carolina was becoming a problem – Ordinance of Nullification – Jackson’s response is Proclamation of December 10, 1832 – Compromise Tariff in 1833 ends immediate threat of civil war Peggy Eaton Scandal – Dominated administration for its first 2 years – ‘Eaton Malaria’ – Result? What happened? What did they gossip
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