child1_ch16_11.21.outline

child1_ch16_11.21.outline - Slide 1 Infant and Child...

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Slide 1 Infant and Child Development Chapter 15-16 Wednesday November 21, 2007
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Slide 2 Announcements Paper #2 due Nov 30 th , turnitin.com by noon
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Slide 3 Paper Tip #2 Your paper should not summarize an article Instead, pick a topic and 2-3 main points to discuss Include research evidence supporting your main points Analyze/critique the evidence Conclude with a summary of your findings and how this information can be applied
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Slide 4 15—Families Ecological Theory Family Structures and Dynamics Parenting Styles and Discipline Families Under Stress Siblings
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Slide 5 Child Maltreatment In 2002, approximately 896,000 children were found to be victims of child abuse, and 85 % were abused by parents. 13 out of every 1000 children are abused Neglect (54%), Medical neglect (3%) Physical (25%) Sexual (13%) Emotional (5%) 26% of adult women report some incidence of sexual abuse, 16% of adult men Why does abuse occur? Who is more likely to abuse? Families under Stress
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Slide 6 Child Maltreatment (continued) Child risk factors: Younger age (77% of deaths are children under 3 years of age) Prematurity/ low birth weight/ chronic illness Difficult temperament Child’s gender Emotionally unresponsive Families under Stress
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Slide 7 Child Maltreatment (continued) Young, poverty stricken & poorly educated mothers 20-40% alcoholic or drug abusers More stressful events including loss of employment Battered wives Parent abused as a child (30 % will continue the cycle of abuse) Marital instability Emotional insecurity/depression Favor authoritarian control Poor coping skills Families under Stress
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Slide 8 Child Maltreatment (continued) Some of the developmental consequences of child maltreatment are poor emotional regulation attachment problems problems in peer relations difficulty in adapting to school and other psychological problems Physical abuse is linked with children’s anxiety, personality problems, depression, suicide attempts, conduct disorder, and delinquency; later in life it is linked with relationship problems. Families under Stress
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Slide 9 Child Maltreatment (continued) What factors affect the outcome of abuse? Perpetrators relationships Age of onset and termination of abuse Duration, frequency, and severity of abuse Number of types of abuse More cognitively advanced children (higher IQ) have fewer long-term effects Community & cultural factors that increase the probability of abuse: Criminal activity is rampant Few community programs Violent crime is frequent in that country USA vs. Japan Families under Stress
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Slide 10 Siblings Sibling Relationships Children interact more positively and in more varied ways with their parents than with their siblings, although siblings may be stronger socializing influences on the child than parents are.
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course PSYCH 331 taught by Professor Carpenter during the Spring '07 term at Rutgers.

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child1_ch16_11.21.outline - Slide 1 Infant and Child...

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