philosophy of minds and machines notes

philosophy of minds and machines notes - Substance Dualism...

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Substance Dualism – there are two fundamental kinds of substance: mental and material. Mental does not have extension into space, material cannot think. The Cogito – I think therefore I am; I am a thinking thing. First person access to one’s own mind Privacy/First Person Privilege – Logical Behaviorism – the meaning of psychological statements are their verification conditions, which consist of performed overt behavior The Problem of Other Minds – given that I can only observe the behavior of others, how can I know others have minds? Behavior on its own is not enough to guarantee the presence of mentality Type-Identity Theory – mental events are type-identical to the physical events in the brain with which they are correlated Multiple Realizability – the same mental property, state, or event can be implemented by different physical properties, states, or events. Functionalism – mental states are constituted solely by their functional role; they are casual relations to other mental states, sensory inputs, and behavioral outputs
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philosophy of minds and machines notes - Substance Dualism...

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