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Lecture 14 - March 26

Lecture 14 - March 26 - o A tool for empirical research(e.g...

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Lecture 14 PSY 257 March 26, 2009 Research Evidence for the Big Five - Juvenile Delinquency: A- and C- - School Performance (grades): high C and high O o (C is working hard, focused on tasks; O: enjoying learning) - #Sex Partners: E+ - Likeability: A+ - Longevity/Longer life: C+ How can we find out the personalities of people? Physical Cues: more accuracy in judging O and C Interpersonal interaction: more accuracy in judging E and A Development, Stability, & Change: Individual differences in Big Five are quite stable over years Less stability early on (teens and 20s) Quite stable after 30s Developmental change in most people: decrease in E, O, and N, increase in C and A Psychopathology Extreme levels of traits Levels of traits suggest therapeutic approaches Critical Evaluation of Trait Approach - Strengths o A natural language phenomenon
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Unformatted text preview: o A tool for empirical research (e.g., occupational preference, success in relationships, well-being, etc) o Biological based-Weaknesses o Problems with factor analysis (comprehensive?) o Leave out and overlook a lot about personality (e.g., cardinal traits) o Do traits really explain behaviors? The Person-Situation Controversy-Walter Mischel: Personality and Assessment (1968) o Self-report measures of traits correlate .3 with behaviors only o Behavior in one situation correlated weakly with same behavior in another situation-Situationists’ perspective o Behaviors vary as a function of the situation Conclusions:-.3 is not so bad-Problem of aggregation accounts for weak cross-situation consistency findings-Behavior is both stable and variable across situations...
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