Lecture 17 - April 7

Lecture 17 - April 7 - Operant Conditioning-Change...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Lecture 17 PSY 257 April 7, 2009 Learning Approaches Classical Conditioning - Pavlov’s dogs - Based on temporal contiguity o Association by time o Dogs and bells - Neutral stimulus (CS) can elicit a response ( R) because it becomes associated with a stimulus that automatically elicits the response (US) - Bell elicits salivation once paired in time with the food - Learned association? Behaviorism - Generalization o To similar stimuli - Discrimination o Among stimuli that differ - Extinction o Slow unlearning of association - Conditional emotional reaction o the development of an emotional reaction to a previously neutral stimuli o little Albert’s fear of rats - Unconditioning o Systematic desensitization: extinction of learned fears Skinner: The Great Reinforcer
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Background image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Operant Conditioning-Change, influence behavior through reward and/or punishment-Reward works better than punishment-Behavior change – token economy o Select target behaviors, make reinforcement contingent on desired responses o Fine in mental health wards, prisons, kindergartens o But to control broad aspects of human behavior? Learned approaches: Basic Assumptions-Nearly all behavior is learned-Objectivity and rigor in testing clear hypotheses is crucial-If “internal” variables cannot be considered, leaves only external-environmental ones-Change the environment and you change the behavior-Change society/culture and you change people?...
View Full Document

This note was uploaded on 12/03/2009 for the course PSY 257 taught by Professor Kwan during the Spring '09 term at Princeton.

Page1 / 2

Lecture 17 - April 7 - Operant Conditioning-Change...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online