Lecture 18 - April 9

Lecture 18 - April 9 - Lecture 18 PSY 257 April 9 2009...

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Lecture 18 PSY 257 April 9, 2009 Learning Approaches Stimulus-Response (S-R) Theory - o Both obtained training in psychoanalysis in Europe o Many motives are “learned drives” Desire for $$, ambition to become scholar/artist/athletic - Hull: development of habits o S-R associations as a result of reward o Attention to S as well as R o Quit smoking example: identify the situations in which you smoke - Personality structure = learned habits (or S-R bonds) - Drive = stimulus strong enough to elicit response/activate behavior - Innate/primary drives (hunger, pain) vs learned, secondary drives (fear, anxiety – a stimulus to give you pain) - o Learning personality characteristics (S-R bonds) through parental reward and punishment o Kids need to learn socially accepted outlets for their drives o Critical learning situations: feeding (oral, toilet training (anal), sexual and aggressive behavior Conflicts - approach-avoidance conflict o Pros and Cons
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Lecture 18 - April 9 - Lecture 18 PSY 257 April 9 2009...

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