child1_ch15_11.16.outline

child1_ch15_11.16.outline - Slide 1 Infant and Child...

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Slide 1 Infant and Child Development Chapter 15 Friday November 16, 2007
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Slide 2 Announcements Worksheet due today Optional drafts due by/on the 19 th (email) Plan for next week Class on Wednesday Office hours: Monday 11:45- 12:45, 433 Tillett Hall Exam 4 100 questions, ½ from the material covered on exam 3 All study guides will apply
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Slide 3 Paper Tip #1: Typically, web pages are not considered good resources unless they include the author’s name and actual research data (published is preferred). Appropriate references can be found using PsychInfo , Rutger’s online database of published psychology articles (go to the library website)
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Slide 4 15—Families Ecological Theory Family Structures and Dynamics Parenting Styles and Discipline Families Under Stress
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Slide 5 Families Did your parents treat you differently than your siblings? Did your mother treat you differently than your father? How so?
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Slide 6 Systems Theory: Urie Bronfenbrenner How does context affect development?
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Slide 7 Ecological Theory Biodirectionality (mutual shaping) Parents shape their children’s development Directly : By the tasks they pose, the ways they respond to particular behaviors, the values they promote, and the patterns of behavior they model Indirectly : By selecting many of the other contexts to which children are exposed, Children shape their parents’ behavior Through their interests, temperament, appearance, verbal ability and other characteristics that influence parent-child interaction Parent Child
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Slide 8 Ecological Theory Ecological theory proposes 3 main influences of parenting effectiveness (Belsky, 1984) 1. Parental contribution - developmental history (how parents were parented, personality) 2. Child’s contribution - temperament 3. Stress and support context - work, social network, marital relationship
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Slide 9 Orchard Town, New England Family Structures
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Slide 10 Gusii Community, Kenya Family Structures
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Slide 11 Family Structures Cultural Group Behavior Category Specific Kinds of Behavior USA Individualistic sense of self _________- dominant Seeks help; seeks dominance; seeks attention Sociable- intimate Acts sociably; engages in _________; touches Gusii Inter-dependent sense of self __________- responsible Offers help; offers support; gives responsible ideas Authoritarian- aggressive Reprimands; assaults; insults Patterns of social behavior
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Slide 12 Family Structures (US)
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Slide 13 Ethnic Breakdown of One-Parent Families
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Slide 14 One parent versus two:
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