MUS 103 Lecture Notes B

MUS 103 Lecture - M US 103 Lecture Notes B Lecture 13 Beethoven(1770-1827 o One of the first free thinking composers o Considered a musical

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Unformatted text preview: M US 103 Lecture Notes B Lecture 13 3/23/09 Beethoven (1770-1827) o One of the first free thinking composers o Considered a musical revolutionary o Father was alcoholic o Studied with many important people o Haydn taught Beethoven composition, they had a close relationship o Made an extensive network by playing in musical salons o Introduce aberrant jarring syntax: e.g. radical key changes o Led to being considered revolutionary o He did not rely on patronage or having a benefactor o So he had more freedom to choose what he wrote o He had many ailments o Gradually went deaf o He contemplated suicide (made him to be considered a romantic thinker) o His psychological otlook is clouded o Had to communicate with conversation books o However, unhelpful in terms of learning of his musical mind o Beethoven retreated from society, became isolated o More famous for composition, but became more isolated o Not many lovers, no marriage Ninth Symphony (1824) o Final movement is most notable o ***Incomprehensible form o Promises something great at the end. Something like a heavenly other world where humans come together o But what is sad is we can no longer believe in this because we know humans wont come together o First symphonic piece with human voices, song o Of the late style, idiosyncratic o Composed in Vienna o But he hadnt performed much in Vienna because of bad relationship with aristocracy there o But public loved Beethoven o But finally relented to requests because he needed money o Put on big show o Ninth symphony and the mass ordinary o He did most of it himself o Not well planned, but went well o longest symphony to ever be put on o critics: exceedingly difficult, they were very harsh called it too difficult, disorganized chaotic o last movement was hard for instrumental Notes on Ninth Symphony: o very long o begins in minor, ends in major (this was new) o he changes the movement (usually 4 movements: sonata, slower, minuet and t rio, theme and variation) o Beethoven reverses 2 and 3 o Barely hangs together o Critics wondered if it was being performed correctly o Bizarre tonal juxtapositions o Beethoven isnt afraid of this Circle of Fiths o Adjacent spots have one note difference o So if you change between keys, then a smooth transition is adjacent stops on the circle of fifths o Beethoven goes for contrast: A major to F# = 6 note changes Movement 2: Minuet and Trio movement (very fast) o Typically the 3 rd movement, but Beethoven moved it o Very grandiose, hugely expanded the ABA form o This movement very fast, frenetic Final movement o Sets a popular Viennese tavern song (known to public) and he transforms it o Final movement evinces on its own the 4 movements of a symphony o I t is a symphony on its own o I t is all of the forms, but none of them o Encyclopedic musically structure o Transcends all previous musical syntax o Opening of the movement: no sense of paradise at all, dissonant chords o Voice breaks in saying no more of this discord, hellish sound (first time...
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This note was uploaded on 12/03/2009 for the course MUS 103 taught by Professor Simona.morrison during the Spring '08 term at Princeton.

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MUS 103 Lecture - M US 103 Lecture Notes B Lecture 13 Beethoven(1770-1827 o One of the first free thinking composers o Considered a musical

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