child1_ch17_11.30.outline

child1_ch17_11.30.outline - Slide 1 Infant and Child...

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Slide 1 Infant and Child Development Chapter 17 Thursday November 29, 2007
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Slide 2 Announcements ***New Paper Due Date : Monday noon (Dec 3) Room change for exam 4: Scott 135
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Slide 3 17—Schools Children with Disabilities Exploring Children’s Schooling Socioeconomic Status and Ethnicity in Scho Achievement
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Slide 4 Children with Disabilities Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Characteristics children consistently show one or more of the following characteristics over a period of time: (1) inattention , (2) hyperactivity , and (3) impulsivity. Diagnoses include ADHD with predominantly (1) or (2/3), or combination of all 3
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Slide 5 Children with Disabilities Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) (continued) Diagnosis and Developmental Status The disorder occurs 4 to 9 times more in boys than in girls. Heightened awareness or a case of over-diagnosis? Signs are often present in preschool years, but classification often doesn’t occur until elementary school.
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Slide 6 Children with Disabilities Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) (continued) Causes and Treatment Proposed causes include low levels of certain neurotransmitters , pre- and postnatal abnormalities, and environmental toxins. A combination of academic, behavioral, and medical interventions helps students with ADHD learn and adapt more effectively.
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Slide 7 Learning Disabilities Children who fare poorly in school despite normal IQ test performance, or with discrepancies between various parts of an IQ test Unlike physical disabilities (e.g., blindness or deafness), learning disabilities are not readily apparent until children enter school About 3 x as many boys as girls are classified as having a learning disability greater biological vulnerability among boys referral bias Children with Disabilities
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Slide 8 Children with Disabilities Learning Disabilities (continued) Dyslexia (most common) : Low verbal ability but high quantitative ability; severe impairment in the ability to read and spell Dyscalculia : High verbal IQ, low quantitative IQ; number concept impairment Dysgraphia : Special difficulties in learning to write
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Slide 9 Language difficulties in school Bilingual programs vs. immersion Rossell & Baker: In a review of 72 studies, found no evidence that bilingual programs are any better than simple immersion However, Krashen’s review has identified 4 features of an effective program for immigrant children Easy-to-understand lessons in English,
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This note was uploaded on 04/02/2008 for the course PSYCH 331 taught by Professor Carpenter during the Spring '07 term at Rutgers.

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child1_ch17_11.30.outline - Slide 1 Infant and Child...

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