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History- test 2 - Renaissance the birth of new ideas and...

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Renaissance- the birth of new ideas and old ones brought back (transitional btw new and old) Reformation- specific period- attempt to reform the Catholic Church - Martin Luther- challenged the Pope and church- 95 theses on power of indulgences Why did the renaissance begin in Italy: 1. Center of Roman Civilization 2. Less effected by Feudalism 3. Urban, not rural 4. Good Location- middle of the Mediterranean 5. Crusades- contact with outside world (immigrated there) 6. 1453 Byzantine Falls- Christians leave Constantinople to move to Italy 7. Bank Rolled- DaVinci- Rome, Mediterranean Age of Exploration Lure of the east (“Drang Nach Osten”- german for “drive towards the east”) Nations involved- window to the west Portugal- United (South-East) Spain- United (West-East) England- Reunited (West-East) France- Reunited (West- East) Netherlands- Newly formed (West- East) Why did Spain lead the way to American exploration? 1. Rivals to Portugal 2. Political Identity- Ferdinand and Isabella 3. Drove Mors out 4. Columbus Overall Results 1.
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