History Final Exam

History Final Exam - History Final Exam Section I-Explorers...

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History Final Exam Section I- Explorers and Colonizers Calvard-Maryland Cabot-New World England Cortez -Conquered the Aztecs in Mexico - Colonists o Swedes- founded Delaware (1838) o Wm. Penn- founded Pennsylvania as proprietary colony (Quakers) o Berkley and Cartteret- founded New Jersey and South Carolina o Ogelthorpe- founded Georgia o Calavert Family- Maryland o John Mason- founded New Hampshire o Roger Williams- founded Rhode Island - Explorers o For Spain Columbus (Italian) Balboa- sails through (discovers pacific ocean) Magellan- (Portugese)- goes to southern tip of south America (Cape Horn) Cortez- lands in with the Aztecs- puts a Spanish flag in Mexico Pizzaro- goes to South America- deals with the Inca’s in Peru Desoto and Coronado- go to US- Mississippi River o For England Cabot (Italian)- drops Flag in N. America Frobisher Raleigh Drake o For France Verrazano (Italian)- N.W. passage Cartier- N.W. passage- winds up in China, Quebec (New France) Champlain o For Portugal Cortereal Diaz Degama Cabral o For Holland Hudson Blok- Block Island Bronx- NY, Dutch and English background
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Section II- Colonies Delaware-1 st Swedish, then Dutch, then English Rhode Island-Tenets of the Baptist 1. Delaware- a. Founder- Swedes b. Development- 1638: (Fort Christina) absorbed by Dutch, captured by England, merged with Pennsylvania, separate by 1703 2. Pennsylvania a. Founder- William Penn b. Development- 1681: Proprietary (Society of Friends= Quakers) 3. New Jersey a. Founder- Berkeley and Carteret b. Development- 1664 Claimed by Pennsylvania and New York 4. Georgia a. Founder- Ogelthorpe b. Development- 1733 Penal colony, no slavery 5. Connecticut a. Founder- Massachusetts emigrants b. Development- Hartford, Windsor, Wethersfield, New Haven, and Saybrooke; 1635: Corporate 6. Massachusetts a. Founder- Separatists and Puritans b. Development- Plymouth and Boston Merged together 1620, 1630 7. Maryland a. Founder- Calavert Family b. Development- St. Mary’s Proprietary 1632 (Catholic) 8. South Carolina a. Founder- Berkeley and Carteret et al???? b. Development- 1663: originally formed by North and South Carolina later separated 9. New Hampshire a. Founder- John Mason and Others b. Development- fishermen and Massachusetts immigrants 10. Virginia a. Founder- London Company b. Development- 1607 First Permanent English colony 11. New York a. Founder- Dutch b. Development- 1621 trading colony to control traffic of Hudson river area later captured by the English placed under the Duke of York 12. North Carolina a. Founder- Virginia immigrants
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b. Development- Established colony at New Burn, North Carolina and attracted Colonists from wherever 13. Rhode Island a. Founder- Roger Williams b. Development- Corporate Colony combining settlements at Providence, Warwick, Portsmouth, and Newport Section III- Military Leaders and Battle Sites Nathaniel Greene- Rhode Island’s Own who served with Washington
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History Final Exam - History Final Exam Section I-Explorers...

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