PART 1 - PART 1 ECT9 DIDACTIC = word best describes...

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PART 1 ECT9 DIDACTIC = word best describes Christian writings prior to the 5 th century Beauty of language AND dignity of form = Prudentius’ Christian writings o Prudentius is pivotal figure in early Christian intellectual life and literary/cultural history of West o Different from others in that, was POET, not priest who dabbled in poetry Poetry meant to be read aloud, basis for private study, salon—NOT for singing in Church Subject of poetry = “glorious deeds of Christ”: suffering, death, resurrection Poetry edified soul, pleased mind, delighted ear Mean to make the reader a participant Poetry was both didactic AND simply aesthetic o Psychomachia = most famous and influential work (long poem) Abraham going to sacrifice only son Isaac not portrayed as much bearing to virtue of faith, but in terms of love and affection Poem about how to rid man of double-mindedness and attain purity of heart o Compositional allegory = work that begins with moral principles or spiritual truths, and creates a fictional tale to display them in narrative form Message of allegory in Psychomachia , struggle of forces of good and evil, explains a model of how we must fight to keep our hearts free of unruly desires Presents allegory about struggle of human being, but also narrative about the story of love that sought out human beings o Vices and adversarial virtues in Psychomachia Faith vs. idolatry Modesty vs. lust Patience vs. wrath Humble-mind vs. pride Soberness vs. indulgence Uprightness vs. avarice Simplicity vs. discord Hope vs. more virtues than vice Reason vs. more virtues than vice Earliest examples of Christian poetry = in bible Early Latin Christian poems failed, because sounded like imitations of real thing Ambrose = bishop of Milan o Had divided Christian community Orthodox vs. Arians o Taught the orthodox faith through hymns, had congregation sing antiphonally (one side sing stanza then other side respond)
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Made lines short, meter simple, hymns easily memorized o Touched affections and intellect with hymns Founders of Rome = martyrs of Rome, such as Lawrence (for Prudentius) Allegory of Faith and Idolatry—worship of old gods comes from St. Paul’s depiction of a soldier of Christ and the marital imagery of psalms o In the allegory, to grow in virtue and attain peace, one must take the while armor of God (according to St. Paul) Divided human nature = biblical verse from Romans ECT10 Practice of early Christians that their detractors hated = devotion to the dead, veneration of the bones of martyrs and saints For early Christians, bones somehow conveyed the presence of the holy person, and it was as if the saint were actually present there before them Gregory of Nyssa—surprising he would write about bones with such respect and affection o Because he was a philosopher (Christian Platonist)—he was being inconsistent, as Platonist he shouldn’t be reverencing bones
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This note was uploaded on 12/03/2009 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor Bullard during the Spring '08 term at Fairleigh Dickinson.

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PART 1 - PART 1 ECT9 DIDACTIC = word best describes...

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