Unformatted text preview: Lecture #4: England’s Lecture #4: England’s “Late” American Colonization I. Dynastic Issues I. Dynastic Issues A. The Troubled Marriages of Henry VIII Henry VIII Catherine of Aragon IB. Religious Reform IB. Religious Reform 1. Edward VI and the Advancement of Protestantism IB. Religious Reform IB. Religious Reform 2. Queen Mary and the Return to Catholicism IB. Religious Reform IB. Religious Reform 3. Queen Elizabeth and the Compromise Settlement IC. Spain Becomes England’s Enemy IC. Spain Becomes England’s Enemy
Philip II of Spain The Spanish Armada II. English Goals in II. English Goals in America II.A. Piracy: Disrupting Spanish Power II.A. Piracy: Disrupting Spanish Power
Sir Francis Drake Sir John Hawkins II.B. Colonization in Ireland II.B. Colonization in Ireland
Sir Humphrey Gilbert The “Wild Irish” II.C. English Ideology and the II.C. English Ideology and the “Black Legend” of Spain II.D. Utopian Blueprints for English II.D. Utopian Blueprints for English Colonization 1. Martin Frobisher and the Northwest Passage 2. Humphrey Gilbert’s Newfoundland Project 3. Sir Walter Raleigh and the Roanoke Fiasco III. The Colonization of Virginia III. The Colonization of Virginia A. Disaster at Jamestown IIIB. Leadership Problems IIIB. Leadership Problems Conflicting Land Grants Conflicting Land Grants IIIC. IllSuited Colonists IIIC. IllSuited Colonists IIID. Unhealthy Location IIID. Unhealthy Location Location of Jamestown Location of Jamestown Continuing Geographical Ignorance: Continuing Geographical Ignorance: John Farrar Map of 1651 IIIE. Inept Indian Policy IIIE. Inept Indian Policy IV. The Rise of the Plantation IV. The Rise of the Plantation Economy IVA. The Tobacco Boom of the IVA. The Tobacco Boom of the 1620s IVB. Opportunity and Starvation IVB. Opportunity and Starvation 1. Opechancanough’s Rebellion, 1622 2. The Plight of Richard Frethorne, 1624 IVC. Tobacco’s Demands: IVC. Tobacco’s Demands: Land and Labor Tobacco Plantation Labor Tobacco Plantation Labor V. The Social Consequences of V. The Social Consequences of Tobacco A. Masterless Men as a Labor Pool VB. Distorted Sex Ratio VB. Distorted Sex Ratio 1. Limited Reproductive Possibilities 2. Unusual Household Structure and Authority Patterns 3. A Culture of Violence, Gambling, and Drink VC. Dispersed Settlement VC. Dispersed Settlement VD. Stability and the Rise of the VD. Stability and the Rise of the Common Man 1. The Benefits of Falling Prices 2. Stabilizing Sex Ratios 3. Declining Death Rates 4. Government by Assembly VI. Social Changes of VI. Social Changes of the Second Generation VIA. New Elites Assume Power VIA. New Elites Assume Power VIB. Return of the Masterless Men VIB. Return of the Masterless Men 1. Death Rates and Freedmen 2. Limits on Available Land for Tobacco 3. Landless, Jobless, and Armed VIC. Bacon’s Rebellion as a Labor VIC. Bacon’s Rebellion as a Labor Crisis and a Race War ...
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