Chapter_7_Handout

Chapter_7_Handout - MemoryChapter7 MemoryChapter7...

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Memory - Chapter 7 Memory - Chapter 7 Lecture Overview 0. The Nature of Memory     1. Biological Bases of Memory     2. Forgetting     3. Memory Distortions     The Nature of Memory  4. Memory Memory :  internal record or representation of some prior event or experience 5. Memory is also a   _____________constructive process_____________________, in  which we actively organize and shape information as it is  processed, stored, and retrieved.  Memory  best for things in a list first, last, repeated, random facts, personally relevant The Nature of Memory—Description of Four Memory Models 1. _______Info. Processing Approach___________________________ : memory is a  process  analogous to a computer, which encodes, stores, and retrieves information  (memory like a  computer) 2. ____________Parallel Distributed Processing Model______________________:   memory is  distributed across a network of interconnected units that work ________________ (in a  parallel  fashion) to process information  (remember things more than one at a time) 3_____________Levels of Processing Approach_____________________: memory depends  on   the   degree   or   depth   of   mental   processing   occurring   when   material   is  ________________ encountered  4_______________Traditional Three-Stage Memory Model___________________: memory  requires three different storage boxes to hold and process information for various  lengths of time
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***Learn Diagram of 3-Stage Memory in Book***  Elaborative Rehearsal (Making a memory personally relevant to you) The Nature of Memory— Description of Three Stage Memory Model 6. ________Sensory Memory_________: first memory stage that   briefly preserves a  __________relatively exact replica________ of sensory information 
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Chapter_7_Handout - MemoryChapter7 MemoryChapter7...

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