chapter 1 slides for abnormal child psychology

chapter 1 slides for abnormal child psychology - Abnormal...

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Abnormal Child Psychology, 3rd Edition, Eric J. Mash, David A. Wolfe Chapter 1: Understanding Abnormal Child Psychology Chapter 1 Understanding Abnormal Child Psychology
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Abnormal Child Psychology, 3rd Edition, Eric J. Mash, David A. Wolfe Chapter 1: Understanding Abnormal Child Psychology Historical Views of Child Psychopathology The Emergence of Social Conscience historically, children often ignored or subjected to harsh treatment because of belief that they would die, were possessed, or were simply owned by parents John Locke (17thC) and Jean-Marc Itard (19thC) advanced the belief that children should be treated with kindness and compassion
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Abnormal Child Psychology, 3rd Edition, Eric J. Mash, David A. Wolfe Chapter 1: Understanding Abnormal Child Psychology Historical Views (cont.) Psychiatric Disorder and Mental Retardation in late 19thC, distinction made between individuals with MR (“imbeciles”) and those with psychiatric disorders (“lunatics”) children with normal cognitive abilities but disturbing behavior said to be suffering from “moral insanity” advances in medical science led to replacement of moral insanity view by the organic disease model
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Abnormal Child Psychology, 3rd Edition, Eric J. Mash, David A. Wolfe Chapter 1: Understanding Abnormal Child Psychology Historical Views (cont.) Early Biological Attributions early attempts at biological explanations for abnormal behavior were biased in favor of locating the cause of the problem within the individual the view of mental disorders as “diseases” led to eugenics and segregation
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Abnormal Child Psychology, 3rd Edition, Eric J. Mash, David A. Wolfe Chapter 1: Understanding Abnormal Child Psychology Historical Views (cont.) Early Psychological Attributions psychological influences did not emerge until early 1900’s psychoanalytic theory linked mental disorders to childhood experiences- for the first time the course of mental disorders not viewed as inevitable behaviorism laid foundation for studying conditioning and elimination of children’s fears
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Abnormal Child Psychology, 3rd Edition, Eric J. Mash, David A. Wolfe Chapter 1: Understanding Abnormal Child Psychology Historical Views (cont.) Evolving Forms of Treatment until late 1940’s, most children with intellectual or mental disorders were institutionalized from 1945-1965, number of children in institutions decreased while number of children in foster families and group homes increased in 1950’s and 1960’s, behavior therapy was the systematic approach to treatment
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Abnormal Child Psychology, 3rd Edition, Eric J. Mash, David A. Wolfe Chapter 1: Understanding Abnormal Child Psychology Defining Psychological Disorders Determining what is normal and abnormal is an arbitrary process Traditionally defined as a pattern of behavioral, cognitive, or physical symptoms, that is associated with one or more of: distress disability increased risk for further suffering or harm
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Abnormal Child Psychology, 3rd Edition, Eric J. Mash, David A. Wolfe
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This note was uploaded on 12/04/2009 for the course PSYC psyc 356 taught by Professor Ley during the Spring '09 term at Simon Fraser.

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chapter 1 slides for abnormal child psychology - Abnormal...

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