ANT 3150 OCT 5 - Culture and Prosperity Slide 1 Culture and...

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Slide 1 Culture and Prosperity Culture and Prosperity
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Slide 2 Culture and Prosperity Purpose of this Lecture Culture is the most powerful concept for explaining variations in human behavior. Your culture affects what kind of job you take, how you perform on the job, and how effective you are in interacting with others. To do business in an international context, it is essential to understand this basic concept.
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Slide 3 Culture and Prosperity Outline The basic view of Culture and Prosperity Defining Culture An idea that changed the world The challenge of human variation & diversity Patterns of Culture  Cultural Universals Cultural Dilemmas Culture and Prosperity:  Creating disciplined  pluralism
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Slide 4 Culture and Prosperity The Argument from the Book Culture and Prosperity Some nations are wealthy, most are not Differences in national wealth are best  explained by culture and institutions Not natural resources, not population, … “Disciplined pluralism” is the key to prosperity Relationship to democracy, rule of law, limits on  corruption …  But first, we examine the concept of culture
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Slide 5 Culture and Prosperity Ideas that changed the 20th century Psychoanalysis Relativity Cybernetics Molecular genetics Culture
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Slide 6 Culture and Prosperity Definition of Culture A system of learned, shared understandings that provides a model of reality and a model for social action.
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Slide 7 Culture and Prosperity Examples of human variation: food What foods don't you eat?  Why? What types of rotted food to you prefer? Why do we cook food? Who do you eat with?
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Slide 8 Culture and Prosperity Examples of human variation: sex Who do you sleep with?  By age?  gender? ethnicity?  consanguinity??? What is proper sexual behavior? What is taboo? How many partners can you have?  At  one time?  
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Slide 9 Culture and Prosperity Examples of human variation: kinship and marriage Why can you marry?  How many times? Polygyny and polyandry The significance of marriage ceremonies Kin groups Kinship and social order
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Slide 10 Culture and Prosperity Patterns of culture Ruth Benedict and many others found that in any culture certain common themes tend to recur. Whether these be
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