Policy and Ethics_1

Policy and Ethics_1 - The Role of Ethics in Policy CS 175...

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The Role of Ethics in Policy CS 175 Prof. C. Dianne Martin
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Welcome to the Moral High Ground!
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A final look at Lessig… Law – can effect pace of technological change Markets – push change Code – can curtail freedom Norms – cultural values / ethics What role do fixed values play?
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Study of human morality Determining values in human conduct Deciding the “right thing to do” Determined by norms What makes us human Ethics Defined
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Evolution of Ethical Thought Idealism – based on thought, Plato Realism – based on natural world Religion – based on faith Empiricism – based on data, science Utilitarianism / Pragmatism – based on economics - Most good for the most people Existentialism – based on the individual Each reality individually constructed – each individual constructs own right and wrong Absolute versus Situational
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Humans an “ethical” beings (Kohlberg): The six stages of moral reasoning development Stage 1) Punishment and obedience orientation Stage 2) Instrumental relativist orientation Stage 3) Interpersonal concordance of good/bad orientation Stage 4) Law and order orientation Stage 5) Social-contract legalistic orientation Stage 6) Universal ethical principle orientation
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Common ethical values “Transcendental moral values grounded in common human nature” Overarching principles to enable humans to “flourish” Golden Rule Act so you treat humanity always as an end and never as a means (Kant) Specific core values – thou shall not Murder Steal Lie Misuse power to enslave others Do no harm
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Ethical Frameworks – Spinello Consequentialism (relativism) – what action or policy produces the best outcome? Duty-based morality
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Policy and Ethics_1 - The Role of Ethics in Policy CS 175...

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