IP_v3_1

IP_v3_1 - INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY: Whose Right? CS 175 IP...

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INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY: Whose Right? CS 175
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IP Basics What is intellectual property? How is it protected? Software and digital media as IP
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IP protection – Established in Constitution as a Federal power U.S Constitution, Art.I, Sect. 8 Granted Federal government power to set  intellectual property law  “To promote the progress of science  and useful arts, by securing for  limited times  to authors and  inventors the exclusive right  to their  respective writings and discoveries.”  
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Types of Intellectual Property Trade Secret Trademark, Service mark Works for Hire Patent Copyright
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What do they have in common? Protection of an  intangible  product Grant exclusivity to owner  Covered by law, valid only in countries  recognizing them Can be enforced in court
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Patent Monopoly right provided by the  Constitution Granted for a design for 14 years might include a user interface Granted for an invention 17 years new, useful, unobvious Requires a lawyer, money, time!
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Software Patents “look and feel” of a package specific internal operations spell checking editing features use of a cursor many software products  have  been patented
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Copyright History Basis of copyright is technology! Basis of copyright is property rights! Printing Press - 1456  Publishers rights - 1556 Author’s rights: 1710,  Statute of Anne First copyright law - US, 1790
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Copyright Evolves with Technology 1800 - player piano rolls 1976 - phonograph records, pictures,  tapes 1978 - CONTU -> cover programs 1980    Franklin VS Apple  (Op. Sys.)  Evolved through court cases   
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Extended Copyright to New Technologies and Media Copyright Act of 1976 section 110:  display works for home use,  face-to-face teaching Section 117(amended 1980): software  protection
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What can be copyrighted? “original works of authorship fixed in any tangible medium of expression, now known or later developed, from which they can be perceived, reproduced, or otherwise communicated.” Ideas cannot be copyrighted!
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What is protected? Literary works computer programs, source and object  code, microcode Musical works, sound recordings Dramatic works, pantomime,  choreography
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What is protected (cont.)? Pictorial, graphical, sculptural Motion pictures, audio-visual  works computer screens, interfaces,  menus  Anything  that has a wide range  of expression available
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What is not protected? Works not in tangible form
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This note was uploaded on 12/05/2009 for the course CS 175 taught by Professor C.martin during the Spring '09 term at GWU.

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IP_v3_1 - INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY: Whose Right? CS 175 IP...

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