child1_ch6_9.28_outline

child1_ch6_9.28_outline - Slide 1 Infant and Child...

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Slide 1 Infant and Child Development Chapter 6 Friday September 28th, 2007
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Slide 2 Announcements: Exam 1- TUESDAY Review sheet posted on Sakai under ‘Resources’ Bring pencils
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Slide 3 How important is early experience for later life? To what extent is it deterministic? What about developmental plasticity ? What do children really need to achieve optimal developmental outcomes?
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Slide 4 The Brain: Infancy Early Experience and the Human Brain Depressed brain activity has been found in children who grow up in a deprived environment (Cicchetti, 2001), and it’s possible the effects are irreversible . (PET scans) Which is the orphan child?
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Slide 5 Is there plasticity in development? Rene Spitz First to document effects of deprivation on Romanian children’s development
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Slide 6 Brain development: Infancy Dennis (1973) Orphanage (crèche) in Lebanon (little stimulation and human contact; similar results in Romania). Although normal at 2 months, developed intellectually at only ½ of the expected rate by the end of the first year If adopted before 2 years old : Functioned normally 2-3 years later If adopted between ages of 2-6 : slightly mentally retarded If remained institutionalized : Females at 12-16 yrs were severely impaired Boys transferred to a more intellectually stimulating institution at age 6 still mentally retarded, but able to function in society
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Slide 7 Plasticity in Brain Development Twin Czech boys, discovered at age 6, Showed that early deprivation is not necessarily devastating to later development
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Slide 8 Review and Reflect: Describe how the brain changes Review What is the nature of brain physiology? How does the brain change in infancy? What characterizes the development of the brain in childhood? What role does experience play in cortical development?
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Slide 9 6—Physical Development in Childhood Reflexes and Motor Development Sensory and Perceptual Development
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Slide 10 Motor Development The Dynamic Systems View The traditional maturational view of Arnold Gesell (1934) proposed that universal milestones, such as crawling, reaching, and walking, develop through the unfolding of a genetic plan, or maturation . The
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child1_ch6_9.28_outline - Slide 1 Infant and Child...

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