child1_ch1_9.7_outline

child1_ch1_9.7_outline - Slide 1 Infant and Child...

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Slide 1 Infant and Child Development Chapters 1 & 2 September 7th, 2007
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Slide 2 Factors affecting development: Rarely: Genetics and inherited traits (3)
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Slide 3 Most common: Parents Education Peers/sibs SES Ethnicity Faith
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Slide 4 1—Introduction Child Development—Yesterday and Today (covered on Tuesday) Developmental Processes and Periods Developmental Issues Developmental Questions
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Slide 5 Developmental Processes and Periods Biological, Cognitive, and Socioemotional Processes Biological processes : Changes in an individual’s body. Cognitive processes : Changes in an individual’s thought, intelligence, and language. Socioemotional processes : Changes in an individual’s relationships with other people, emotions, and personality.
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Slide 6 Developmental Processes and Periods Periods of Development Prenatal period : The time from conception to birth; lasts approximately 9 months. Infancy : The developmental period that extends from birth to about 18 to 24 months.
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Slide 7 Developmental Processes and Periods Periods of Development (continued) Early childhood : The developmental period that extends from the end of infancy to about 5 to 6 years of age; sometimes called the preschool years. Middle and late childhood : The developmental period that extends from about 6 to 11 years of age; sometimes called the elementary school years.
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Slide 8 Developmental Processes and Periods Periods of Development (continued) Adolescence : The developmental period of transition from childhood to early adulthood; begins at approximately 10 to 12 years of age and ends at 18 to 22 years of age.
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Slide 9 Developmental Issues How do nature (biology) and nurture (environment) interact to produce development?
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Slide 10 Developmental Issues Nature and Nurture Nature-Nurture Issue Involves the debate about whether development is primarily influenced by nature or nurture (Kagan & Herschkowitz, 2005; Lippa, 2005) Nature : an organism’s biological inheritance Nurture : an organism’s environmental influences “Nature” proponents claim biological inheritance is the most important influence on development; “nurture” proponents claim that environmental experiences are the most important
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Slide 11 Developmental Issues Continuity and Discontinuity Continuity-Discontinuity Issue The issue regarding whether development involves gradual, cumulative change (continuity) or distinct stages (discontinuity) Climbing a hill vs. stairs
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Slide 12 Developmental Issues Continuity… Discontinuity…
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Slide 13 Developmental Issues Early and Later Experience
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child1_ch1_9.7_outline - Slide 1 Infant and Child...

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