Study Guide Hist 104 Midterm

Study Guide Hist 104 Midterm - Study Guide Hist 104 Midterm...

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Study Guide Hist 104 Midterm 1) Reconstruction and the Unfinished Revolution- deeper issues- America was supposed to now be unified and together, but they were in many ways separate, finding money to invest in the destroyed south was very difficult. Initially the blacks were given rights and allowed to vote, buy land and go to school. There was much disagreement over the rights given to blacks and also what should be done to allow the Southern States back into the US. Congress broke the South up into 5 zones , controlled by the military, after these states had guaranteed Black voting rights, ratified the 14 th Amendment and had new constitutions they could become part of the Union. Carpetbaggers, who were mainly Northern veterans who stayed in the South after the war had a large impact on Southern politics as many of them took up key roles in the reconstruction politics. -Congressional Reconstruction- Johnson allowed the Southern States back into the Union and they promptly set up the Black Codes which took away many of the civil liberties of the blacks. Johnson also vetoed the Civil Rights Bill giving all people equal rights. The North became angry, believing that they had fought for nothing and overturned Johnson’s decision and promptly enacted the 13 th (making slavery illegal and 14 th (giving civil rights) Amendments which gave equal rights to all people in the US and would not allow the Southern States to join the US until they agreed to the new Amendments. After this Johnson had little power and did little to block the role of the Congress in establishing the US in the way that they wanted it- modeling the South after the North for the reconstruction of the South. The South and the North had very different views of what needed to be done in the reconstruction of the new US, ultimately the North won! Lynchings took place on a regular basis in the South through all of this and continued for years. -Black Codes- The codes that the different states in the South established to prevent the Blacks from having rights. Established by Mississippi, Louisiana and South Carolina and many other states essentially keeping the Blacks in a practically slave situation. They were forced into work contracts with strict rules and fierce penalties if they did not finish their work or violated the contract in any way. They were not allowed to publicly convene, given curfews and not allowed to freely move about. -Tenure of Office Act- when Congress was not in session in 1867 Johnson dismissed his Secretary of War, because Congress was not in session they could not stop it. When Congress reconveined they passed this act to prevent the President from being able to fire federal officials in another attempt to take away some of the power from the President. Johnson dismissed Edward Stanton because he was siding with the Congress in the reforms that needed to take place. -Compromise of 1877-
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Study Guide Hist 104 Midterm - Study Guide Hist 104 Midterm...

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