112108 - Zumdahl Chapter 11 PROPERTIES OF SOLUTIONS Solution Composition Solution a homogeneous mixture cannot distinguish or separate parts by

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PROPERTIES OF SOLUTIONS Zumdahl Chapter 11
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Solution Composition y Solution – a homogeneous mixture, cannot distinguish or separate parts by physical means; can be solid liquid or gas phase y Solvent – what is doing the dissolving y Solute – what is being dissolved
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Solution Composition y Dilute – relatively small amount of solute present y Concentrated – relatively large amount of solute present y Molarity – moles of solute per liter of solution
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Solution Composition y Mass Percent – percent composition of solute in solution y Mole Fraction – fraction of moles of solute per total moles y Molality – moles of solute per kilogram of solvent
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Solution Composition y The electrolyte in automobile lead storage batteries is a 3.75 M sulfuric acid solution that has a density of 1.230 g/mL. Calculate the mass percent, mole fraction and molality of the sulfuric acid.
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Energies of Solution Formation y Like dissolves like – nonpolar dissolves nonpolar; polar dissolves polar and ionic
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This note was uploaded on 12/06/2009 for the course CHEM 105A taught by Professor Bau during the Fall '04 term at USC.

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112108 - Zumdahl Chapter 11 PROPERTIES OF SOLUTIONS Solution Composition Solution a homogeneous mixture cannot distinguish or separate parts by

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