Hinduism

Hinduism - (Pretest- my.ucf.edu) H induism: 08/26/09 The...

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(Pretest- my.ucf.edu) Hinduism: 08/26/09 The world’s most ancient Living Religion o Mostly confined to India o Some presence in Sri Lanka o Other countries Approximately 800 million Hindus o Probably the third largest religion What do you do to become Hindu? How do you become Hindu? One must be born as Hindu into a caste o Implications: in wider sense a culture and way of life as opposed to religion in narrower sense How can this be explained? Origins of Hinduism There is no such word as ‘Hindu’ in the sacred books of Hinduisms o Derived from word ‘Sindhu,’ meaning Indus Valley When Iranians (Persians) came to India, they called the native peoples Hindu. Greeks, upon learning of them from the Iranians, called them indos rather than ‘indos from which we have the word ‘Indian’
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Thus, Hinduism is the way of life, thinking, customs, rites, rituals, ect. Of the people of India Sanskrit – the language of Hindu Dravidians Original inhabitants of India o Grid-like patterns, brick houses, running water, sewage system Peaceful agricultural people Little known about religion, probably assimilated by Aryans o Fertility cults/phallus of Shiva in later times Aryans Came from Asia Minor (Turkey and Greece) Through Khyber Pass; conquered Indus Valley People of India today are product of Dravidians and Aryans The Religion of the Aryans Dyaus Pitr of Indra o God of Rain, parallel to Greek God Zeus Varuna
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o Keeps natural and physical order (rita) intact, parallel to the Roman God Ouranous Rundra and Marut (father and son) o Winds and Storms, respectively Agni o Fire Soma o Drink, by which one can gain immortality (amarat)
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Hinduism - (Pretest- my.ucf.edu) H induism: 08/26/09 The...

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