Student_Outline_Unit_1 starr-1

Student_Outline_Unit_1 starr-1 - 3 ml 3SOME USEFUL WORD...

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3 ml 3 ml SOME USEFUL WORD ROOTS FOR BIOLOGY: As we go through the semester, can you put some words we use next to these word roots? “di” or “dy”– two “bi” – two “-ose” – sugar “-ase”- enzyme “poly” – many “mono” one “eu” –true “kary” – kernel (nucleus) “pro”- before “-phobic” - fearing “-philic” – loving “endo” - within “ex” –out “lysis” break apart “pseudo” – false “pod”, “podia” – feet “cephalo” head “hypo” – low “hyper” –high, excessive “allo” – other “glyco-” sugar “an” – without “aero” – air (oxygen) “oxy” -oxygen “hemi” half “homo” – same “hetero” different “pheno”- show or see “photo”- light “auto” – self “troph”- feed “hydro” water “morph” – form or structure “co”- together “intra” within “inter” between “de”- remove 1
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The process of science I. Discovery Science A. What is it? B. Examples 1. 2. C. Inductive reasoning – II. Hypothesis-Driven Science (Scientific Method) A. What is it? B. The steps: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. C. Mimicry example 1. Observations – 2
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a. b. 2. Question – 3. Hypothesis – 4. Prediction – 5. Controlled experiment a. experimental group – b. control group- c. measure- 6. Results a. experimental group- b. control group – 7. Conclusion- D. Deductive Reasoning – 3
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E. Scientific Theory - UNIT 1: CELL BIOLOGY Macromolecules I. Introduction to macromolecules in the cell A. What is an organic compound? B. Molecular Bonds 1. ____________________________________ electrons are not shared ex: 2. ___________________________ - share electrons (1, 2, or 3 pairs); can be VERY strong and often stronger than ionic a. _______________________ - electrons are not shared equally creating “poles” a slightly negative and slightly positive end b. _______________________ - electrons shared equally 3.____________________________________________ - attraction between a slightly positive hydrogen (from a polar molecule) and a slightly negative atom (from a different polar molecule); Properties: a) b) c) C. Four major macromolecules in the cell 1. 2. 3. 4. D. Macromolecules consist of: E. Condensation reaction (aka dehydration synthesis)- F. Hydrolysis- 4
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A. Monomers (simple sugars) 1. Chem. formula: 2. Glucose 3. Fructose 4. Galactose B. Disaccharides 1. Lactose 2. Sucrose 3. Maltose C. Poly sacch arides (complex carbohydrates) 1. ____________: glucose polymer; glucose storage in plants 2. _________: glucose polymer; structural molecule for plants; a.k.a __________. 3. ____________: glucose polymer; glucose storage for animals; found in abundance in _________________ and ___________ cells 4. ____________: glucose polymer; structural molecule for some animals III. Lipids - A. Triglyceride (a type of “fat”) 1. Monomers = 2. Polymer = 3. __________________ fats – fatty acid chains contain some double bonds; therefore the chains do not pack tightly
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Student_Outline_Unit_1 starr-1 - 3 ml 3SOME USEFUL WORD...

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