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Unformatted text preview: TYPES OF CHEMICAL REACTIONS 1. Condensation (Dehydration) and Hydrolysis Reactions Condensation (Dehydration) Reactions- synthesis of molecules- reaction in which two molecules are covalently bonded to each other through the loss of a small molecule, usually water- water is released (thus dehydration) or formed (thus condensation)- enzymes are normally used- e.g.: Glucose + Glucose Maltose + Water Hydrolysis- hydro- meaning water and -lysis meaning bursting -- thus the chemical process of splitting , molecules by the addition of water- an essential process in digestion- e.g.: Maltose + Water Glucose + Glucose 2. Oxidation and Reduction (Redox) Reactions ( LEO the lion says GER ) Oxidation- the loss of electrons from a substance involved in a redox reaction- the loss of electrons from an element; frequently involving the gain of oxygen or loss of hydrogen Reduction- the gaining of electrons from a substance involved in a redox reaction- the gain of electrons frequently involving the loss of oxygen or gain of hydrogen...
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- Fall '09