Chapter 3 - Biochemistry Understand the central role that...

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Unformatted text preview: Biochemistry Understand the central role that carbon plays in the formation of organic molecules. Be able to identify the various functional groups that are important in the organic molecules of living systems. Know the various types of organic macromolecules and be able to identify the macromolecules that make them up. Understand the processes that allow 1) monomers to be covalently linked together into polymers and 2) polymers to be broken down into monomers. Be aware of the role that the various macromolecules play in living organism. Biochemistry Be aware of the various levels of structure associated with proteins (primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary structure). Understand how and why the shape of a protein affects the function of proteins. Be aware of the environmental conditions that can affect the tertiary and quaternary structure of a protein. Understand what is meant by the term complementary basepairing. Know what the complementary bases are. Understand the double helical structure of DNA Biochemistry ..Be aware of the differences between RNA and DNA. Understand the role of RNA in living systems. Understand why lipids are usually hydrophobic. Understand what triglycerides and phospholipids are and the role that they play in living systems. Biochemistry Branch of organic chemistry Q: What is organic chemistry? A: Its chemistry all about the carbon, baby! Carbon Atomic Number = 6 Atomic Mass = 12 Biochemistry C N P P P P P P N N N N N E- E- E- E- E- E- Functional Chemical Groups Important in Biochemistry Hydrocarbons Simplest of organic molecules Only composed of carbon and hydrogen Octane Functional Chemical Groups Important in Biochemistry Hydroxyl-OH Alcohol Carbohydrate Functional Chemical Groups Important in Biochemistry Carbonyl O C Functional Chemical Groups Important in Biochemistry Carboxyl (Carboxylic Acid) O COH Functional Chemical Groups Important in Biochemistry Carboxyl (Carboxylic Acid) O COH Functional Chemical Groups Important in Biochemistry Amine NH H Amino Acid Nucleotide (DNA) Functional Chemical Groups Important in Biochemistry Phosphate O -OPO O- Functional Chemical Groups Important in Biochemistry Sulfhydryl SH (thiol) Amino Acid Cysteine Disulfide bond Unit Molecules and Polymers Mono- vs....
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Chapter 3 - Biochemistry Understand the central role that...

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