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Chapter 10 - Mitosis Cell Cycle and Meiosis Understand the...

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Mitosis, Cell Cycle, and Meiosis Understand the manner in which histones associate with DNA and how that complex interacts with nuclear scaffolding proteins. Know the phases of the cell cycle and what is occurring in these phases. Understand the role that cyclins play in the progression of a cell through the cell cycle. Understand what a quiescent cell is.
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Mitosis, Cell Cycle, and Meiosis Understand what a dyad chromosome is and the role of the centromere and kinetochore in the process of mitosis. Understand the role played in mitosis by microtubules. Understand why mitosis occurs. Know the stages of mitosis and be able to explain what is occurring at each stage. Understand what it means to have a diploid genome.
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Mitosis, Cell Cycle, and Meiosis Understand what is meant by the term “homologous chromosome”. Understand why meiosis occurs and what is produced by this process. Be able to explain what is occurring at each step of meiosis. Be aware of the phenomenon of synapsis.
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DNA Structure Double stranded (2 strands) helix Antiparallel 5’───────3’ 3’───────5’ Complementary strands
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DNA Strands Are Held Together By Hydrogen Bonds Between Complimentary Base Pairs G always pairs with C A always pairs with T G:C pairs are stronger than A:T pairs
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