Study Guide Exam 2 2009

Study Guide Exam 2 2009 - FAD 2230 Lucille H. Byno, Ph.D.,...

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FAD 2230 Lucille H. Byno, Ph.D., LMFT Exam 2 Study Guide Homophobia - viewing homosexuals with fear, dread, aversion, or hatred; still present in American society; In 2000, 74% of homosexuals reported prejudice, 32% of which was violent Sexual satisfaction and couple types (Kurdek ): Standards of nonmarital sex : 1. Abstinence - regardless to circumstances, nonmarital sex is wrong for both women and men; usually conservative Christian and Islamic communities encourage abstinence; women avoid bad experiences; teens are encouraged to practice this 2.Permissiveness with Affection- permits nonmarital intercourse for both men and women equally, provided they have a fairly stable, affectionate relationship; the most widespread sexual norm among unmarrieds 3. Permissive without Affection - “recreational sex”; allows intercourse for women and men regardless of how much stability or affection is in their relationship; casual sex is permitted AIDS diagnoses – population with the largest % -S. Africa or India Sexual and reproductive issues as political controversies Dowry - a sum of money or property brought to the marriage by the female; a woman with a large dowry can expect to marry into a higher-ranking family than can a woman with a small dowry; dowries also are often increased to makeup for qualities considered undesirable. Marriage Gradient - the tendency for women to marry “up” with regard to age, education, occupation, and earning potential; it has traditionally helped to shape a marital choice ex: male is expected to be taller than a female | Geographic propinquity- “geographic availability”; typically the reason that people tend to meet others who are a lot like themselves; Geographic segregation, which can result from discrimination or from strong community ties, contributes to homogamous marriages. Complementary needs - Robert Wench (1958); we are attracted to each to partners whose needs complement our own; sometimes this means, psychologically, that opposites attract; however some theorists argue that we are attracted to others whose strengths are harmonious with our own so that we are more effective as a couple than either of us would be alone. SVR – 3-stage filtering system for choosing a mate 1. Stimulus stage - interaction depends upon physical attraction 2. Values stage - partners compare their individual values and determine whether these are appropriately matched ex: views on abortion and racism 3.Role stage - the prospective spouses test and negotiate how they will play their respective marital and leisure roles Attachment styles : secure - Children who trust that their needs are will be met; Adults are inclined to trust that their relationships will provide ongoing emotional support
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insecure/anxious - Children who feel abandoned; Adults worry that their beloved will leave or betray the, “fear of abandonment” avoidant - Children who feel abandoned; Adults duck or evade emotional closeness Getting together”- an alternative to dating; a courtship process in which, unlike dating, groups of women and
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Study Guide Exam 2 2009 - FAD 2230 Lucille H. Byno, Ph.D.,...

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