Chapter 12

Chapter 12 - Chapter 12: Jury Trials II- Concerns and...

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Chapter 12: Jury Trials II- Concerns and Reforms Intro o Right to trial by jury is protected by state constitution 6 th AM for criminal cases 7 th AM for civil cases o Juries may not be competent to execute their duties properly o May be biased or prejudiced The concern that juries may not be competent o Concerns about the effects of extralegal information Extralegal information – information about a particular case that is not presented in a legal context jurors in both criminal and civil cases pay more attention to strength of evidence o impact of extralegal information in criminal cases limiting instruction – evidence of a defendants prior record can be used for limited purposes only: to gauge the defendants credibility (only when defendants take the stand can prior criminal record be admitted) influence of prior record evidence – prior conviction increases likelihood of conviction influence of prior acquittal evidence – jurors may not be prejudiced by it
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Chapter 12 - Chapter 12: Jury Trials II- Concerns and...

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