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week4_part2 - Thursday October 15 Psyc 138 Fall 2009 Last...

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10/14/2009 1 Thursday, October 15 Psyc 138, Fall 2009 Last time circle5 Encoding circle5 Attention circle5 Interpretation circle5 What kind of information grabs attention? circle5 What are the consequences? circle5 Attention and circle5 The self circle5 Others circle5 Groups Once the information gets in, what do we do with it? circle5 After we attend to the information, we interpret it. circle5 Interpretation circle5 Def: Assigning basic meaning to stimuli circle5 Perceiver “making sense” of the info circle5 Tends to happen very quickly, automatically
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10/14/2009 2 What factors influence interpretation? circle5 Cognitive structures circle5 Perceiver expectations (Reading 3: Dunning & Sherman, 1997) circle5 “Tacit Inference” = Interpretation circle5 Perceiver goals circle5 Reading 30: Hastorf & Cantril (1954) circle5 “They saw a game” circle5 A stimulus does not exist independently of our observations- by encoding it, we already subject it to interpretation Interpretation circle5 How long does it take us to assign meaning to the information we’re processing? circle5 “Thin Slices” (Ambady & Rosenthal, 1993) circle5 Had participants rate teachers based on video clips (2, 5, or 10 seconds each) circle5 Correlated rating with actual end of the semester evaluations Ambady & Rosenthal Results circle5 Correlations between P’s ratings and course evaluations were relatively high circle5 r’sranged from 0.45 - 0.72 circle5 Ratings from 2 and 5 second video clips were just as accurate as ratings made after 10 second clips circle5 Judgment accuracy was not dependent on: circle5 Physical attractiveness circle5 Nonverbal behavior circle5 “Fuzzy” impression
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10/14/2009 3 Ambady & Rosenthal (1993) Conclusions: circle5 We encode (attend to and interpret) information from nonverbal behavior very quickly circle5 Impression formation occurs quickly circle5 Our interpretations have the ability to strongly influence other processes circle5 thoughts, judgments, behaviors - the “response” Encoding and… circle5 The self circle5 Person perception
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