03 - Nature and nurture Domain specificity and domain...

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z Nature and nurture z “Domain specificity” and “domain generality” z Continuity vs. discontinuity z Active vs. passive child z (Actually, nobody thinks of children as passive. All make a point of saying children are active.) • Philosophical tradition: • “tabula rasa” / blank slate z John Locke (1632-1704) • Psychological tradition: • Behaviorism z Skinner z Changing behavior via training
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'A child's mind is a blank book. During the first years of his life, much will be written on the pages. The quality of that writing will affect his life profoundly .’ -- Walt Disney Dollhouse (Joss Whedon) Buffy z Not completely blank slate, but ‘blank-ish’. z ‘Constructivist’ z Child plays an active role in achieving developmental outcomes z ‘Child as scientist’ metaphor pre-operational sensori-motor formal operations concrete operations 12+yr 0-2 yr 2-7 yr 7-12 yr
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z Little knowledge at birth: z Some perceptual abilities z Reflexes z Basic learning mechanisms: z Accommodation z Assimilation z Achievements: z Early sensory and motor schemes are coordinated to achieve the ability to “re”-present: z Marked by successes at: z Understanding ‘object permanence
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03 - Nature and nurture Domain specificity and domain...

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