05 - Lecture 5: Language Development I Characteristics of...

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Lecture 5: Language Development I Characteristics of language ± Generative and creative ± Infinite numbers of thoughts can be expressed by combining a finite number of elements via a set of hierarchical rules ± Flexibility comes at the price of complexity Structure of language pragmatics using language pragmatic dev to communicate syntax/grammar combining words syntactic dev to form sentences morphemes/words units of meaning semantic dev phonemes sound patterns phonological dev Level Function Process
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Behaviorist (‘blank slate ’) learning Theories ± B.F. Skinner (Verbal Behavior ) – Blank slate (+ “association”) – Word-like babbling reinforced…babbling becomes words. – Only reward primitive sentences, then correct sentences, etc… More modern learning Theories ± Modern versions where focus is on: Imitation of adult speakers Memorization of words and then sentences – No explicit reinforcement necessary ± But…not much evidence of parents’ correction of incorrect grammar… leading to… Other Evidence Against
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05 - Lecture 5: Language Development I Characteristics of...

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