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Fall_09_review_sheet_2 - Psychology 105 Fall 2009 Exam...

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Psychology 105. Fall 2009. Exam 2 (October 22nd, 2009). Review sheet and exam information… For the exam. Please bring a pink parscore sheet. The questions will be based on material presented in class. Topics that questions will be drawn from will include: 1. Overview: questions and general themes of the course. -Design issues. --Cross sectional versus longitudinal designs --advantages/disadvantages of each --cohort effects --what is the microgenetic method? Themes --nature and nurture; (AKA genes and environment). environment includes physical as well as social factors. related to: --domain general versus domain specific organization. domain generality involves the idea of a general multi-purpose, multi content brain/mind that processes all kinds of information and solves all kinds of problems. domain specificity involves the idea of many specific sub-processes, each specialized for a type of problem content --the active child; idea that children's nature might cause them to behave in certain ways and thus experience the world a particular way. example of bias to look at faces from birth -- leading to lots of experience with faces. --continuity and discontinuity; smooth continuous development versus stage like shifts. scale of observation makes a difference, transitional phenomena at stage boundaries.
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--mechanisms of development; idea of description of change separate from (and prior to) an explanation of change. Close focus on kids behavior while it is changing (intensive study over short periods ... microgenetic method) --the socio-cultural context; development in the context of social and cultural factors. these range from local (parents, friends) to very general (language environment, traditions and customs) --individual differences; how do children become so different from one another? variation caused by genetic differences; variation caused by environmental differences. --promoting child welfare; what benefits follow from developmental approaches to psychology? examples: detecting developmental problems early can lead to more effective interventions; can allow evaluation of likely effectiveness of programs designed to promote learning 2. Theoretical approaches --Overall guiding ideas… nature-nurture, continuity discontinuity, domain general and domain specific approaches. Four theoretical approaches : --Key features of Piaget and stage theories, Names of stages and order in which they occur. Basic mechanisms of learning? Approximate ages for each stage. Examples of kinds of achievements and errors made in pre-operational stage.
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Fall_09_review_sheet_2 - Psychology 105 Fall 2009 Exam...

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