History Review

History Review - History Review: Montgomery Bus Boycott:...

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Unformatted text preview: History Review: Montgomery Bus Boycott: The boycott came about when word got around about Rosa Parks arrest for violating a local segregation ordinance which she protested with the use of nonviolence to bring about change a tactic used by CORE. This took place during the emergence of the civil rights movement when she refused to give her seat to a white man because she was not tired physically but tired of giving in. Parks was already an active member in the NAACP and had already talked about challenging the bus segregation. So did the WPC and when they heard about Parks decision to fight the case, the WPC leader quickly mobilized students and teachers to distribute flyers calling for Montgomery black to stay off buses. E.D Nixon head of the NAACP called a mass meeting at the Baptist Church and where those who assembled founded the Montgomery Improvement Association (MIA). The MIA arranged carpools and more than 90% of the black community sustain the yearlong boycott. Protestor followed through by walking miles to work and stood up with dignity to police harassment. An older women insisted, Im not walking for myself, Im walking for my children and grandchildren. Movement persisted until November of 1956 when Supreme Court declared unconstitutional Alabamas laws requiring bus segregation. The NAACP and CORE developed more centers in Southern cities paving the way for a mass movement that would revolutionize the racial system of the South. The Problem That Has No Name: The problem that has no name was presented in Betty Friedan Feminine Mystique, she concluded that women were no longer satisfied any more with having a marriage and family and sense that something was missing. Women wanted to have the opportunity to have choices to do something other than being a housewife. Women were afraid to ask themselves the silent question, is this all? What this problem with no name articulated the impetus for the second wave of feminism movement and move legislation and moving people into activism. Women began lobbying for the reform of oppressive laws because Friedan believed women where capable of doing what men did. For example, Betty co-founded the National Organization for Women program which fiercely advocated equality between women and men....
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History Review - History Review: Montgomery Bus Boycott:...

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