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Logic Mid-term Exam

# Logic Mid-term Exam - Introduction to Logic(Principles of...

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Introduction to Logic (Principles of Reasoning) Mid-Term Examination (for 25%) Fall 2008 Name: Micah Vinson Due on: October 26, 2008 1. Answer the following Questions (10%) a) Philosophy is an academic discipline, the love for wisdom and the pursuit of truth. Student who studies/specializes in it is a professional philosopher. ( X ) True ( ) False b) Name the 4 main fields or core areas within the discipline of philosophy: Metaphysics, Epistemology, Axiology, Logic or Principles of Reasoning . c) Metaphysics is the study and theories of human reality, but epistemology is the study and theories of only reality or values. ( ) True ( X ) False d) Axiology is a branch of philosophy that deals with human values, while logic is the science or body of knowledge that focuses on the study and analysis of arguments. Here, we are concerned about the kind of (structured) argument that has two things: a premiss(es) and the conclusion. ( X ) True ( ) False e) Logic is an organized body of knowledge or science that studies and evaluates arguments. Traditionally, logic is divided into two: deductive and inductive f) The premisses are propositions that are used in the argument as the evidence or justification for the truth of the conclusion, but the conclusion is a proposition which is claimed (either affirmed or denied) to follow from the premiss(es). ( X ) True ( ) False g) Name the two types of (structured) argument: premiss and conclusion . h) A simple argument is the type that contains one conclusion, while a complex argument has many conclusions. What determines the number of an argument in a given passage is not the number of premisses, but the number of its conclusion. ( X ) True ( ) False i) A proposition is a statement that makes a certain claim (e.g.: “Benjamin is handsome”), but a proposition alone is not an argument. An argument is a group or set of propositions: the premiss(es) and the conclusion. An argument could be either simple or complex depending on the number of its conclusion, and may contain “the premiss-indicators” and/or “the conclusion-indicators.” ( X ) True ( ) False j) An inference is the logical process of moving from the given premiss(es) and arriving (accepting or denying) at the conclusion or of accepting/denying the truth of the conclusion with the support of the premiss(es). There are the two kinds of inferences: immediate inference and mediate inference. ( X ) True ( ) False

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Logic Mid-term Exam - Introduction to Logic(Principles of...

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