Week 2 Winter 08 - Canadian Business in its Social Context Week 2 The Canadian Government Sector 1 How Canadians Govern Themselves(From Eugene

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1 Canadian Business in its Social Context Week 2 The Canadian Government Sector
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2 How Canadians Govern Themselves (From Eugene Forsey, “How Canadians Govern Themselves”, 5 th Edition, 2003) The word “government” has its roots in both Greek and Latin, meaning “to steer” Canada is a democracy, a constitutional monarchy and a federal state, with 10 largely self-governing provinces and three territories Nova Scotia was the first part of Canada to secure a representative government (in 1758)
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3 How Canadians Govern Themselves (From Eugene Forsey, “How Canadians Govern Themselves”, 5 th Edition, 2003) A Federal State A federal state is one that brings together a number of different political communities with a common government for common purposes, and separate “states” or “provincial” governments for the particular purposes of each community Federalism combines unity with diversity The British North America Act, 1867 , was the instrument that brought the Canadian federation into existence
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4 How Canadians Govern Themselves (From Eugene Forsey, “How Canadians Govern Themselves”, 5 th Edition, 2003) The Constitution The Constitution Act, 1982 did not give Canada a new constitution What we have now is the old constitution with a very few small deletions and four immensely important additions: 1. The establishment of 4 legal formulas for amending the constitution 2. The first three amending formulas place certain parts of the written constitution beyond the power of Parliament or any provincial legislature to touch 3. The setting out of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms 4. The giving to provinces, wide powers over their own natural resources
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5 Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms Specific Rights and Freedoms Democratic rights Fundamental freedoms Mobility rights Legal rights Equality rights Official language rights Minority language education rights
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6 Canadian Federalism Source: Paquet and Roy, Governance in Canada, Version VI (1998) Canada: governed by a system of parliamentary democracy with powers divided among the various levels of government that constitute our federalist state Federalism: is a system of political organization in which the activities of state are divided between at least two levels of government in such a way that each level has certain areas in which it is empowered to make final decisions The Canadian Federation: the federal government 10 provincial and three territorial governments a number of regional and local municipalities
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7 How Canadians Govern Themselves (From Eugene Forsey, “How Canadians Govern Themselves”, 5 th Edition, 2003) Some Examples of Federal Government Exclusive National Powers: Direct and indirect taxation Regulation of trade and commerce “the public debt and property” Grants to individuals or provinces (family allowance, hospital insurance/medicare, higher education, etc.) The post office Census and statistics
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This note was uploaded on 12/08/2009 for the course TEFLER ADM1300 taught by Professor Koppel during the Fall '09 term at University of Ottawa.

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Week 2 Winter 08 - Canadian Business in its Social Context Week 2 The Canadian Government Sector 1 How Canadians Govern Themselves(From Eugene

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