Week 3 Winter 08 - Business and Community Stakeholders Week...

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Business and Community Stakeholders Week 3 Civil Society (The Social Segment) Social Capital Text Reference: Chapter 14
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2 Civil Society (Social Segment) The community, volunteer sector, civic sector, civil society Social Segment Economic Segment Political Segment
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3 Civil Society (Social Segment) – Who is included? The community, but also: United Way Foundations (Maytree, Atkinson) Canadian Centre for Philanthropy Kids Help Phone Caledon Institute Planned Parenthood Sun Youth Charities
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4 Civil Society (Social Segment) – What characterizes the segment? Activities mainly instituted through forms of reciprocal relationships or solidarity Based on “good neighborliness” and social trust Its value system is reciprocity- based: Engagement Commitment Trust Obligation Cooperation Collaboration
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5 Civil Society (Social Segment) The social segment is the bonding force -- the social glue that helps unite diverse interests Social Segment Economic Segment Political Segment
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6 Civil Society (Social Segment) Overall Characteristics: Social Segment Economic Segment Political Segment Smaller, more cooperative, less hierarchical organizations Large number of women relative to men minimizing cost, more emphasis on public goods and maximizing participation Activities are more labour intensive Importance is placed on gratitude, obligation, generalized reciprocity and symbols Relative to the economic and political segments
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7 The contemporary civil society (social segment): Now features: Involved communities NGOs/Interest Groups/Associations that are “issue-oriented” Knowledge groups/Institutes/Think Tanks Civic entrepreneurs linking community and economic development
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8 The Dynamics of the Civil Society (Social Segment) The dynamics of this sector are somewhat different from the other two sectors: In the economic segment, emerging issues are translated into opportunities for profit -- the sorting mechanism is competition . In the political segment, the government must learn from the values and views of its citizens following which the sorting mechanism is redistribution and coercion In the social segment, the art of associating, rooted in civil society provides the third sorting mechanism - and kicks in generally when the other two fail. The third sector is a set of social arrangements that are continually evolving into active networks of non-market and non-state arrangements
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9 Social Capital -- Some Perspectives Social Capital is generally defined as the relationships, networks and norms that facilitate collective action (Alfred LeBlanc, ISUMA, Spring 2001) Social Capital directs attention to the relationships that shape the realization of human capital’s potential for the individual and collectively (Tom Schuller, ISUMA, Spring 2001) Social Capital is defined as norms, networks and other related forms
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Week 3 Winter 08 - Business and Community Stakeholders Week...

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