AnthropolgyChapterSummary - Michael Kjome April 8 2009...

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Michael Kjome April 8, 2009 Chapter 7: Politics Segmentary Model: political organization, fairly autonomous political entities that operated independently Political Structure 1. Transition from the Preclassic to the Classic in the southern Maya lowlands marks a qualitative change from one social and political order to another. 2. Power and authority focused on the king, articulated, publicly reinforced, and reinterpreted by the public display of carved stele. a. They were mediators between the supernatural and the real worlds. b. Regular public and private ceremonies involved dance, blood sacrifice, trances, and enemas, the king engaged divine power. c. Hereditary kingship, Maya royalty severed their lineage ties with the bulk of the Maya population d. Carved stelae with dates in the Maya long count define the beginning of the Classic period e. A ruler had both a name, such as animal skull and a successor number such as 22 hel of Tikal. f. Royal succession was generally patrilineal meaning that the eldest male child of the king ascending to the throne. g. There are a number of exceptions; in rare instances queens would rule when there was not a male heir. Lady Zac Kuk ruled at Palenque h. Sometimes the right to rule was gained through marriage 3. Rituals and ceremonies dictated by the Maya calendar and recorded on stele, marked major transitions in the ruler’s life a. There was a blood letting ceremony at the age of 5 or 6 b. The heir apparent began to build a reputation and demonstrate success in war by taking captives. The accession to kingship included the first of many ceremonies c. A new ruler sat on a jaguar pelt, with a scarf bearing a depiction of the jester god d. He wore an elaborate headdress made of jade and shell mosaic with quetzal feather plumage and held a scepter carved in the image of the snake footed god. 4. Prevalence of palaces: residential and administrative buildings for the Maya royalty a. Denotes the administrative structure beyond the king and points to a more complex political structure than in the preceding Preclassic period.
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b. Such administrative bureaucracy is characteristic of complex civilizations, arguably of a state, therefore pointing to the Maya society a state. c. Some ceremonies took place in the small room at the top of temples and other ceremonies and administrative activities were carried out elsewhere. d.
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This note was uploaded on 12/09/2009 for the course ANTH 1140 taught by Professor Calvin,i during the Spring '09 term at Colorado.

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AnthropolgyChapterSummary - Michael Kjome April 8 2009...

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