Enlight - The Enlightenment Critique of Society and...

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The Enlightenment Critique of Society and Politics (18th Century)
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Sources of the Enlightenment Disintegration of Scholasticism (17th century) New discoveries/theories about the natural world New methods for acquiring knowledge Rejection of ancient texts Emphasis on observation/experimentation (Francis Bacon) Extensive use of mathematics
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Sources of the Enlightenment Disintegration of Scholasticism (17th century) Appearance of new theoretical systems (replace Aristotle) Rene Descartes Applications of mathematics Development of a materialist/mechanical view of nature Isaac Newton Applications of math/experimentation Formulation of universal physical laws
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Sources of the Enlightenment Emergence of modern science:17th and18th centuries Nature as open to direct investigation (observation and experiments) Nature as a predictable, orderly mechanism Nature guided by invariable, universal laws (described in mathematics) New emphasis on application of knowledge to technology
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This note was uploaded on 12/09/2009 for the course HIST 1026 at Virginia Tech.

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Enlight - The Enlightenment Critique of Society and...

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