Europe Before 1500

Europe Before 1500 - Europe Before 1500 Europe Before 1500...

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Europe Before 1500
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Europe Before 1500 Political Geography of Europe: Early 14th Century Political fragmentation Frequent warfare
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Europe Before 1500 Political Structure Politics No modern nation-states Monarchs (kings and emperors) in competition with other aristocrats* – *(aristocrat = large landowner) Political identity: local or regional Rigidly hierarchical political order
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Europe Before 1500 Political Structures Political role of land ownership • “Feudalism” Defensive system – Functions of aristocrats » Military force » Law and order (or “serfs”)
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Europe Before 1500 Political Structures Manorialism Fusion of political/economic functions Aristocrats (“lords”) ruled over non- aristocratic workers (“serfs”) – Economic support for aristocrats • System of agricultural production – The role of serfs (villeins) » Protection in exchange for land » Bound to the land Feudalism/ Manorialism breaking down by 1500
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Europe Before 1500 Political Structures Cities and towns Relatively few in number Small population by modern standards Often possessed some political independence from lords Important centers of trade, services, learning
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Europe Before 1500 Political Structure Church vs. State: Who is the supreme authority? Independence of the Church
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This note was uploaded on 12/09/2009 for the course HIST 1026 at Virginia Tech.

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Europe Before 1500 - Europe Before 1500 Europe Before 1500...

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