FromGreektoGalileo(2)

FromGreektoGalileo(2) - The Ancient Greek Philosophical...

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The Ancient Greek Philosophical Tradition The European Reception
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Aristotle and European Civilization Aristotle and European Culture Problem: conflicts between Aristotle and Christianity (Bible) Assumption: Ancient authorities could not contradict each other Solution: Reconcile Aristotle and Christianity
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Aristotle and European Civilization Scholasticism Logical analysis/interpretation of texts Logical reconciliation of Aristotle and Christianity Goal: create a complete system of knowledge Unite both human and divinely-inspired sources Centerpiece of intellectual life, 11th-16th centuries
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Aristotle’s Cosmos (II) Arrangement of the celestial bodies Planets arranged in concentric crystalline spheres made of ether Stars embedded in an outer sphere Spheres rotate around the Earth Universe is finite in size
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Nicholas Copernicus Heliocentric system Central, immobile sun Earth moves Rotation Revolution Vastly larger universe Copernicus’s Works Commentariolus (ca. 1514) De Revolutionibus (1543)
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This note was uploaded on 12/09/2009 for the course HIST 1026 at Virginia Tech.

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FromGreektoGalileo(2) - The Ancient Greek Philosophical...

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