WesternEur - Stimulate the European economy Compete with...

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Europe During the Cold War The West
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Western Europe Key Post-War Problems Economic recovery Political Reorganization
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Western Europe Key Post-War Problems Economic Recovery Severe economic damage Damage to infrastructure Financial overextension U.S. economic predominance
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Western Europe Key Post-War Problems Economic Recovery U.S. assistance (Marshall Plan) – ~$13 Billion in aid Inherent resources – Infrastructure damaged, but not obliterated – Experience/skills – Markets: reconstruction
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Western Europe Key Post-War Problems Strategies for economic recovery Adoption of Keynesian and New Deal-style policies Stimulation of consumer demand Stabilization of business cycles Creation of “Welfare States” » Full employment » Extensive social services
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Western Europe Key Post-War Problems Strategies for economic recovery Economic integration Linking of European economies Create a European market (“European Common Market”) »
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Unformatted text preview: Stimulate the European economy » Compete with U.S. (and later Japan) Western Europe • Key Post-War Problems – Political Issues • The status of Germany • Creating democratic governments • Countering the Soviet Union Western Europe • Key Post-War Problems – Political Issues • The status of Germany – Unified or Divided? – De-Nazification and the persistence of Nazism – Rearming Germany? Western Europe • Key Post-War Problems – Political Issues • Creating democratic governments – Obstacles » Persistence of authoritarian ideologies » Skepticism of democratic government » Rejection of political involvement • Emergence of democratic, centrist governments Western Europe • Key Post-War Problems – Political Issues • Countering the Soviet Union – Required greater political/military cooperation » Formation of U.S.-backed NATO (1949) » West Germany rearmed (1955)...
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WesternEur - Stimulate the European economy Compete with...

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