Natural copy - The Natural World European Views Before and...

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The Natural World European Views Before and After Columbus
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The Natural World Before Columbus What are the characteristics of living things? How many kinds of living things are there? What is the relationship between humans and non-humans? Are there unknown societies of humans?
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The Natural World Before Columbus Geographic Unknowns Climatic zones Climatic barriers (?) The antipodes Habitability (?) Earth’s shape Spherical Size (?)
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The Natural World Before Columbus Major Sources: ancient knowledge Bible Aristotle (Greek) Pliny (Roman) The Natural History Minor Sources Traveler’s accounts Collections Remains of dead creatures Recently dead Fossils (Extinct species)
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The Natural World Herbaria Descriptions of medicinal plants Used by apothecaries, physicians Bestiaries Encyclopedias of animals Described both real and “fantastic” animals
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The Natural World Medieval & Early Modern Texts Real Animals Well-known, reasonably accurate Elephants
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This note was uploaded on 12/09/2009 for the course HIST 1026 at Virginia Tech.

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Natural copy - The Natural World European Views Before and...

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